[R-sig-ME] Including an offset in a binomial GLM/GLMM
leila.brook at my.jcu.edu.au
Mon Aug 20 02:58:13 CEST 2012
Thanks for your suggestion about using unmarked. I was curious about whether the offset would be possible in a binary model, as it is generally only mentioned for a poisson, but there must be other cases where it would be beneficial for a binary response variable.
I have looked at detection probability in a separate analysis and was hoping to use a GLM/M to look at presence/absence.
From: Baldwin, Jim -FS [jbaldwin at fs.fed.us]
Sent: Tuesday, 14 August 2012 11:15 PM
To: Leila Brook; r-sig-mixed-models at r-project.org
Subject: RE: Including an offset in a binomial GLM/GLMM
If the probability of animal presence and the detection probability are both of interest, have you considered the unmarked package? That package will allow (and is built for) accounting for variability in sampling effort (such as the number of trap nights).
Pacific Southwest Research Station
USDA Forest Service
From: r-sig-mixed-models-bounces at r-project.org [mailto:r-sig-mixed-models-bounces at r-project.org] On Behalf Of Leila Brook
Sent: Monday, August 13, 2012 11:18 PM
To: r-sig-mixed-models at r-project.org
Subject: [R-sig-ME] Including an offset in a binomial GLM/GLMM
I apologise if this is an obvious question, but I haven't been able to find reference to it in the literature so far. I was wondering whether it is possible to include an offset variable in a binomial GLM/GLMM, as well as in poisson models?
For example, I surveyed for my study species during a set time period and collected presence-absence data. On some nights the camera traps failed, so the no. trap nights is reduced, which could then influence detection.
Hence I would like to include trap night as an offset.
However, if it is possible to include the trap nights as an offset in a binomial model with logit link function, is it alright to just include it as below:
model<- glm(pres ~ a*b + c, offset=trapnight, family=binomial, data=data)
Or would it need to be transformed as in Poisson models with a log link when included in the formula:
model<- glm(count ~ a*b + c + offset(log(trapnight), family=poisson, data=data)
In this case, would the transformation be "offset(logit(trapnight))" or "offset(invlogit(trapnight))"
Thank you for your help,
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