[R-meta] Issues when using rma.mv
Diego Gallego García
d|egothen @end|ng |rom gm@||@com
Sun May 21 20:32:27 CEST 2023
Thanks for your message. The idea of doing a meta-regression is to take
into account the different effect sizes of each study (i.e., some studies
have a bigger N, or a more accurate value of the variable that I am
studying [the SD is higher or lower depending on the accuracy of the
measurement). Thus, in order to take into account that the different
studies are not done with the same accuracy, I need a way to "weigh" those
issues. I may be wrong, but I think that that is the reason why we use
these types of analyses while doing meta-analyses and reviews. That is why
I am not doing a classic GLMM. Am I wrong?
I do not know how I can present the data in a better format. My raw data
(after the review) has different columns (i.e., Study ID, Species,
Latitude, Body Weight, Migratory Status, DP (Dependence Period) and SD (of
each study), as well as N (number of individuals studied in each study).
That is why I am concerned, in my previous question, about the fact that
different studies have an SD of 0 and, thus, give some issues in the
warning while doing a rma.mv
I appreciate the help given!
*MSc Diego Gallego García*
Proyecto Águila del Chaco - Chaco Eagle Project
Center for the Study and Conservation of Raptors in Argentina *(CECARA)*
Institute of Earth and Environmental Sciences of La Pampa *(INCITAP)*
National Scientific and Technical Research Council *(CONICET)*
diegothen using gmail.com
El sáb, 20 may 2023 a las 10:23, Michael Dewey (<lists using dewey.myzen.co.uk>)
> Dear Diego
> If you have all the raw data why do you not just analyse this as a
> multi-level mode (or mixed effects model)? Perhaps I have misunderstood
> Incidentally your mailer is set to send HTML so your post is mangled
> since this is a plain text list.
> On 19/05/2023 17:03, Diego Gallego García via R-sig-meta-analysis wrote:
> > Good morning,
> > First post here, so I apologize if I do not explain my issue in the
> > best way.
> > I am currently conducting a review on the length of the dependence period
> > (time that the nestling spends with parents) in birds. I want to test
> > ecological factors affect this variable.
> > My raw dataset has one row per species and per study (i.e., there are
> > studies which account for more than one species, so I separate each
> > studied in each research), with its corresponding variables of the
> > dependence period (PD: days), SD, N (number of individuals studied),
> > My raw dataset should look like this (dummy data):
> > Study_ID Species Latitude Body weight Status
> > DP N SD
> > 1 A 50 3.4
> > Resident 45 3 1.81
> > 2 A 38 3.4
> > Migrant 32 1 N/A
> > 2 B 43 2.1
> > Migrant 33 11 3.45
> > 3 B 38 2.1
> > Resident 38 6 2.45
> > 3 C 12 3.6
> > Resident 159 2 0
> > Now, as you may see, there are some studies with an n=1 (only one
> > individual was examined), so there is no valid SD for the study (i.e.,
> > N/A). Thus, for the escalc() formula, I should delete them. But what
> > the last example? There were two individuals studied in that paper, and
> > both yielded the same result, so the SD is roughly 0.
> > Afterwards, when using rma.mv for a mixed-effects model, those studies
> > SD=0 (then vi=0) are giving me problems. Specifically, there are some
> > warnings in my models:
> > Warning messages:
> > 1: There are outcomes with non-positive sampling variances.
> > 2: 'V' appears to be not positive definite.
> > The model is the following:
> > p1 <- rma.mv(data$yi, data$vi, mods= ~Latitude*Status,
> > random=~1|Species, data=data)
> > Should I be worried about these warnings? Any way to fix them?
> > I appreciate any help.
> > Best,
> > *MSc Diego Gallego García*
> > Proyecto Águila del Chaco - Chaco Eagle Project
> > Center for the Study and Conservation of Raptors in Argentina *(CECARA)*
> > Institute of Earth and Environmental Sciences of La Pampa *(INCITAP)*
> > National Scientific and Technical Research Council *(CONICET)*
> > <https://www.instagram.com/proyectoaguilachaco/>
> > diegothen using gmail.com
> > https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Diego_Gallego_Garcia
> > [[alternative HTML version deleted]]
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