[R-meta] metafor::matreg() and its workflow

Viechtbauer, Wolfgang (SP) wo||g@ng@v|echtb@uer @end|ng |rom m@@@tr|chtun|ver@|ty@n|
Sun Dec 5 18:12:45 CET 2021

Dear Stefanou,

See below for my responses.


>-----Original Message-----
>From: Stefanou Revesz [mailto:stefanourevesz using gmail.com]
>Sent: Sunday, 05 December, 2021 3:55
>To: R meta; Viechtbauer, Wolfgang (SP)
>Subject: metafor::matreg() and its workflow
>Dear Wolfgang,
>In the latest version of metafor, I realized there are a couple of new
>functions specifically made for correlations (that's awesome!).
>I understand the use of rclac() which provides the V for rma.mv(). But
>I'm a bit unclear why we get the vcov() from the rma.mv() fit and then
>input it to matreg().
>My questions are:
>1- What role does matreg() play and why not just using rma.mv()?

matreg() is for fitting regression models based on variance-covariance and correlation matrices. Such a matrix can be obtained by conducting a meta-analysis (e.g., using rma.mv()). This all takes us into methodology that is sometimes described as MASEM (meta-analytic structural equation modeling). Maybe start with this chapter:

Becker, B. J., & Aloe, A. (2019). Model-based meta-analysis and related approaches. In H. Cooper, L. V. Hedges, & J. C. Valentine (Eds.), The handbook of research synthesis and meta-analysis (3rd ed., pp. 339-363). New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

to go along with:




>3- What if our rma.mv() fit has multiple (interactive) moderators,
>what should be passed as R and vcov() to matreg()?

I can't really answer this question without further details. But I would suggest to first read up on the methdology itself.

>3- Is rtoz =TRUE necessary in this workflow?

I assume you mean argument 'ztor' in matreg(). Whether to use this depends on whether you have a matrix of r-to-z transformed correlation coefficients or a matrix of raw correlation coefficients. Whether one should or should not use transformed correlations in a meta-analysis that could yield such a matrix is a lengthy and endless debate, so I am not going to touch on "necessary" without a ten-foot pole.

>Thank you,

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