# [R] Axes Alignment Problem for Multiple Plots

William Dunlap wdunlap at tibco.com
Tue Apr 19 23:13:27 CEST 2011

```> -----Original Message-----
> From: r-help-bounces at r-project.org
> [mailto:r-help-bounces at r-project.org] On Behalf Of mat
> Sent: Tuesday, April 19, 2011 1:59 PM
> To: John Kane
> Cc: r-help at r-project.org
> Subject: Re: [R] Axes Alignment Problem for Multiple Plots
>
> Ok, I can replicate your problem, with following code:
>
> dat <- 1:10
>     barplot(dat, beside=TRUE,ylim=c(0,100));
>     par()\$usr;
>     par(new=T);
>     plot(dat, ylim=c(0,100), type="l");
>     par()\$usr;

Use yaxs="i" (see ?par) to have plot use the desired
y limits verbatim.

However, usnig par(new=TRUE) is usually a bad way to
overlay things.  Use lines() and points() when possible.
E.g.,
barCenters <- barplot(dat, beside=TRUE, ylim=c(0,12))
lines(x=barCenters, y=dat)
Note how the lines pass through the centers of the bar tops.

Bill Dunlap
Spotfire, TIBCO Software
wdunlap tibco.com

>
> So it looks like even if you specify yourself ylim, the resulting
> effective ylim (usr[3:4] ) will be different! More surprinsingly,
> setting the usr parameter before is not effective:
>     par(new=T, usr=c(0,11,0,100));
>
> this will not prevent    par()\$usr; to be different than fixed :-(
>
> No idea, but hopefully someone else on the list will be able
> to provide
> advice!
>
> Matthieu
>
>
>
>
> Le 19. 04. 11 20:47, John Kane a écrit :
> > What is Coredata(Z0)?
> > It would be very useful. as the posting guidelines suggest
> to supply working code and sample data.
> >
> >
> > --- On Tue, 4/19/11, Barbaglia, Guido
> (ESA)<Guido.Barbaglia at fao.org>  wrote:
> >
> >> From: Barbaglia, Guido (ESA)<Guido.Barbaglia at fao.org>
> >> Subject: [R] Axes Alignment Problem for Multiple Plots
> >> To: "r-help at r-project.org"<r-help at r-project.org>
> >> Cc: "Stigler, Matthieu (EST)"<Matthieu.Stigler at fao.org>
> >> Received: Tuesday, April 19, 2011, 11:42 AM
> >> Dear all,
> >>
> >>     I'm trying to plot, in the same window,
> >> two different series, using barplot() for the first one and
> >> plot() for the second. What happens is that the second chart
> >> has a different axes origin, therefore the final plot is
> >> wrong. This piece of code shows the differences between the
> >> values of par()\$usr:
> >>
> >>     barplot(coredata(Z0), beside=TRUE,
> >> ylim=c(0,100));
> >>     par()\$usr;
> >>     par(new=T);
> >>     plot(coredata(Z0), ylim=c(0,100));
> >>     par()\$usr;
> >>
> >> I would like to know how it is possible to edit the values
> >> of par()\$usr[3:4] of the second chart in order to be the
> >> same of the first one or, alternatively, how can I plot
> >> together bar and line series within the same reference
> >> system.
> >>
> >>
> >> Best Regards
> >> Guido Barbaglia
> >> ______________________________________________
> >> R-help at r-project.org
> >> mailing list
> >> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help
> >> PLEASE do read the posting guide
> http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html
> >> and provide commented, minimal, self-contained,
> >> reproducible code.
> >>
>
> ______________________________________________
> R-help at r-project.org mailing list
> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help
> PLEASE do read the posting guide
> http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html
> and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code.
>

```

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