[R] how to fit with "lme" function

Nantachai Kantanantha kantanantha at hotmail.com
Tue Jul 25 23:44:57 CEST 2006

Hi everone,

I have a question on using lme on a mixed effects model.

The linear mixed model is in the form of:

y = bX +Zu + e

where "X" and "Z" are the matrices, "b" is the coefficient vector of fixed 
effects, "u" is the coefficient vector of random effects, and e is an error 

I would like to use "lme" function to fit the model and estimate "b" and 
However, there is an error when I call the lme function:

fit = lme(y ~ int + X1 + X2 + X3, data = data.fr, random = ~ Z1 + Z2 + Z3 + 
Z4 + Z5)

int is a vector of 1 in matrix X, used for the intercept term "b0",
X1, X2, X3 are columns of matrix X,
Z1 to Z5 are columns of matrix Z,
data.fr = data.frame(y,X,Z).

I got the error message:

Error in getGroups.data.frame(dataMix, groups) :
        Invalid formula for groups

Could you please suggest me know to solve this problem?
Do I use incorrect arguments?

Thank you very much.

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