# [R] not positive definite D matrix in quadprog

Molins, Jordi Jordi.Molins at drkw.com
Wed Sep 1 12:53:09 CEST 2004

```Hello to everybody,

I have a quadratic programming problem that I am trying to solve by various
methods. One of them is to use the quadprog package in R.

When I check positive definiteness of the D matrix, I get that one of the
eigenvalues is negative of order 10^(-8). All the others are positive. When
I set this particular eigenvalue to 0.0 and I recheck the eigenvalues in R,
the last eigenvalue is positive of order 10^(-12). I try to use solve.QP,
but I get an error message that matrix D in quadratic function is not
positive definite. For reference, a fully R session is listed below.

Is 10^(-12) too close to 0? i.e., does R consider that with an eigenvalue of
order +10^(-12) the matrix is not positive definite but positive
semidefinite?

In general, has somebody know a way (in R or outside R, maybe in c++) to
solve quadratic programming with  positive semidefinite matrices?

In particular, my problem is not so hard: given y an n x 1 matrix, and beta
an n x m matrix,  I want to find an  m x 1 matrix x s. t. sum(y - beta *
x)^2 is minimum. The particularity is that I want to impose restrictions on
x: all x components should be between 0 and 1, and there are also
constraints of the type A x = b, where A and b have the necessary dimensions
to ensure consistency.

I have tried with some other packages, and they do not give a correct
solution when the system increases in size (e.g., 24 variables and 9
constraint equations) ... some idea?

thanks!

Jordi

_____________________________

The problem:
library(MASS)

D <-
matrix(c(439.5883658,438.8445615,438.1007572,2430.285506,2426.162884,2422.04
0262,44.21800696,44.14261394,

438.8445615,438.1020157,437.3594699,2426.173348,2422.057702,2417.942056,44.1
43188,44.06792255,

438.1007572,437.3594699,449.6727418,2445.212326,2542.83573,2643.780669,50.19
455336,52.04059805,

2430.285506,2426.173348,2445.212326,13491.19467,13614.55046,13737.90625,253.
4897678,255.745654,

2426.162884,2422.057702,2542.83573,13614.55046,14687.86142,15923.99043,313.8
180838,336.4239658,

2422.040262,2417.942056,2643.780669,13737.90625,15923.99043,19107.7405,410.9
729841,472.5104919,

44.21800696,44.143188,50.19455336,253.4897678,313.8180838,410.9729841,9.5462
51262,11.57677661,

44.14261394,44.06792255,52.04059805,255.745654,336.4239658,472.5104919,11.57
677661,14.51245153),8,8)

D.vectors <- eigen(D,only.values=F)\$vectors
D.values <- eigen(D,only.values=F)\$values

#the last value is negative
D.values
[1]  4.609489e+04  2.458166e+03  8.232288e+01  1.961199e+00  5.976441e-01
[6]  2.810968e-01  1.253157e-09 -2.685763e-08

#checking that the eigenvalue decomposition works fine

[1] -2.685763e-08

#checking; nothing changes too much

#now all eigenvalues are positive:
D.values.new <-
D.values.new
[1] 4.609489e+04 2.458166e+03 8.232288e+01 1.961199e+00 5.976441e-01
[6] 2.810968e-01 1.253140e-09 1.428534e-12

dvec <-
-c(-2910.533769,-2905.609008,-3012.223863,-16274.97455,-17222.46423,-18380.6
391,-357.8878464,-379.6371849)

#this ensures that coefficients are positive:
Amat <- matrix(0,8,8)
diag(Amat) <- 1
bvec <- rep(0,8)

#it says D is not positive definite ...
solve.QP(Dmat,dvec,Amat,bvec=bvec)
Error in solve.QP(Dmat, dvec, Amat, bvec = bvec) :
matrix D in quadratic function is not positive definite!

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