# [R] Problems with Durbin Watson and Partial Residual Plots

John Fox jfox at mcmaster.ca
Wed Nov 3 00:02:52 CET 2004

```Dear Cal,

Both functions work fine for me (Windows XP Pro, R 2.0.0 patched, car
1.0-13, though the versions probably aren't significant here):

> mod <- lm(Sales ~ Time, data=Data)
> library(car)
> durbin.watson(mod)
lag Autocorrelation D-W Statistic p-value
1       0.3232896      1.249564    0.01
Alternative hypothesis: rho != 0
> cr.plot(mod, "Time") # makes the plot!

BTW, since there is only one predictor in the model (i.e., Time), the
component+residual plot is pointless -- it's essentially the scatterplot of
Sales vs. Time.

I'm not sure what the problem is. Perhaps you should just try again (or

I hope this helps,
John

--------------------------------
John Fox
Department of Sociology
McMaster University
Hamilton, Ontario
905-525-9140x23604
http://socserv.mcmaster.ca/jfox
--------------------------------

> -----Original Message-----
> From: Cal Tate [mailto:mathdoc2be at yahoo.com]
> Sent: Tuesday, November 02, 2004 4:46 PM
> To: John Fox
> Subject: RE: [R] Problems with Durbin Watson and Partial
> Residual Plots
>
> John,
>
>
> Cal
>
> John Fox <jfox at mcmaster.ca> wrote:
>
> 	Dear Cal,
>
> 	The functions that you mention are in the car package.
>
> 	The problems that you've encountered seem very odd to
> me. For example, if
> 	you take a look at durbin.watson.lm(), you'll see that
> the code producing
> 	the errors is quite straight-forward; it just extracts
> residuals from the
> 	model and checks for NAs:
>
> 	residuals <- residuals(model)
> 	if (any(is.na(residuals)))
> 	stop("residuals include missing values")
>
> 	Likewise, what's going on inside of cr.plot.lm() is
> also pretty simple.
>
> 	Can you send the data set on which this regression was based?
>
> 	John
>
> 	--------------------------------
> 	John Fox
> 	Department of Sociology
> 	McMaster University
> 	Hamilton, Ontario
> 	905-525-9140x23604
> 	http://socserv.mcmaster.ca/jfox
> 	--------------------------------
>
> 	> -----Original Message-----> From:
> r-help-bounces at stat.math.ethz.ch
> 	> [mailto:r-help-bounces at stat.math.ethz.ch] On Behalf
> Of Cal Tate
> 	> Sent: Tuesday, November 02, 2004 2:24 PM
> 	> To: r-help at stat.math.ethz.ch
> 	> Subject: [R] Problems with Durbin Watson and Partial
> Residual Plots
> 	>
> 	> I am trying to evaluate a model by using the commands
> 	> durbin.watson and cr.plot.
> 	> However, I keep getting errors that I can't figure out. A
> 	> description follows. Does anyone have a hint as to
> what may be wrong?
> 	>
> 	>
> 	> 1)The Durbin Watson Test. In running the command I kept
> 	> getting the message "residuals include missing values" when
> 	> actually this was NOT the case.
> 	>
> 	> Example:
> 	> >durbin.watson(hw8LM0)
> 	> Error in durbin.watson.lm(hw8LM0) : residuals include
> missing values
> 	>
> 	> (2)Partial Residual Plots: Here I kept getting that the
> 	> variables I choose are not in the model, i.e. "Time!
> is not in
> 	> the model" when it clearly is.
> 	>
> 	> Example:
> 	> >cr.plot(hw8LM0,variable="Time")
> 	> Error in cr.plot.lm(hw8LM0, variable = "Time") :
> 	> Time is not in the model.
> 	>
> 	> Here is the model and residuals:
> 	> summary(hw8LM0)
> 	> Call:
> 	> lm(formula = Sales ~ Time)
> 	> Residuals:
> 	> Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
> 	> -516.32 -292.95 -29.15 238.48 895.09
> 	> Coefficients:
> 	> Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
> 	> (Intercept) 1418.872 122.464 11.59 2.35e-14 ***
> 	> Time 73.278 4.962 14.77 < 2e-16 ***
> 	> ---
> 	> Signif. codes: 0 `***' 0.001 `**' 0.01 `*' 0.05 `.' 0.1 ` '
> 	> 1 Residual standard error: 389.8 on 40 degrees of freedom
> 	> Multiple R-Squared: 0.845, Adjusted R-squared: 0.8411
> 	> F-statistic: 218.1 on 1 and 40 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
> 	>
> 	> hw8LM0\$res
> 	> 1 2 3 4 5
> 	> 6
> 	> 242.679535 679.531369 895.093204 442.975038 -237.4! 43127
> 	> 245.868708
> 	> 7 8 9 10 11
> 	> 12
> 	> 82.540542 -13.347623 -209.325789 161.976046 -96.612120
> 	> -271.380285
> 	> 13 14 15 16 17
> 	> 18
> 	> -460.888451 -113.606616 -311.494782 -417.352947 -516.321113
> 	> 1.430722
> 	> 19 20 21 22 23
> 	> 24
> 	> -18.407443 -328.425609 -476.743774 8.528060 67.849895
> 	> -298.548271
> 	> 25 26 27 28 29
> 	> 30
> 	> -478.826436 225.895398 110.617233 -226.800933 -487.939098
> 	> 281.782736
> 	> 31 32 33 34 35
> 	> 36
> 	> -61.495429 -390.773595 -485.051760 431.670075 477.391909
> 	> -39.886256
> 	> 37 38 39 40 41
> 	> 42
> 	> -276.164422 732.557413 618.279247 -16.998918 -229.277084
> 	> 756.444751
> 	>
> 	>
> 	>
> 	> ---------------------------------
> 	>
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> 	>
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