# [R] Time Series-like barplot?

Marc Schwartz mschwartz at medanalytics.com
Wed Mar 19 21:11:36 CET 2003

```>-----Original Message-----
>From: r-help-bounces at stat.math.ethz.ch
>[mailto:r-help-bounces at stat.math.ethz.ch] On Behalf Of Andy Bunn
>Sent: Wednesday, March 19, 2003 12:15 PM
>To: r-help at stat.math.ethz.ch
>Subject: [R] Time Series-like barplot?
>
>
>I have data structured like the following:
>
>> foo.mat <- matrix(NA, ncol = 5, nrow = 10)
>> foo.mat[2:6,1] <- 1
>> foo.mat[1:3,2] <- 1
>> foo.mat[3:10,3] <- 1
>> foo.mat[1:10,4] <- 1
>> foo.mat[8:10,5] <- 1
>> foo.mat
>      [,1] [,2] [,3] [,4] [,5]
> [1,]   NA    1   NA    1   NA
> [2,]    1    1   NA    1   NA
> [3,]    1    1    1    1   NA
> [4,]    1   NA    1    1   NA
> [5,]    1   NA    1    1   NA
> [6,]    1   NA    1    1   NA
> [7,]   NA   NA    1    1   NA
> [8,]   NA   NA    1    1    1
> [9,]   NA   NA    1    1    1
>[10,]   NA   NA    1    1    1
>
>I am trying to create a plot with horizontal bars that has
>1:10 on the x-axis and plots the length of the data (i.e., 1)
>in the correct context.
>E.g.,:
>
>  5               ------
>  4 --------------------
>  3     ----------------
>  2 -----
>  1   ---------
>   1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10
>
>
>Does any body have a suggestion?
>
>Thanks, Andy

place.  Somebody else may have (hopefully has) a more efficient
approach or knows of a function.

# Put together a matrix containing the positions
# in foo.mat that have a 1
v1 <- which(foo.mat == 1, arr.ind = TRUE)

# Now get range() for each group (bar)
v2 <- tapply(v1[ , 1], v1[, 2], range)

# Convert to matrix, in this case 5 x 2
v3 <- matrix(unlist(v2), ncol = 2, byrow = TRUE)

# Set up plot window w/ appropriate size
# Add one to y axis to have space below
# and above bars
plot(c(1, max(v3)), c(0, dim(v3) + 1), type = "n", axes = FALSE,
ann = FALSE)

# now draw bars using rect()
rect(v3[, 1], 1:dim(v3) - 0.25, v3[, 2], 1:dim(v3) + 0.25, col =
"grey")

# now draw axes
axis(1, at = 1:max(v3))
axis(2, at = 1:dim(v3), las = 2)

# draw box around it
box()

Hope that helps,

Marc Schwartz

```