[Rd] A weird behaviour of strsplit?
Pages, Herve
hp@ge@ @end|ng |rom |redhutch@org
Thu Dec 19 07:48:31 CET 2019
The fact that strsplit() doesn't say anything about 'split' being longer
than 'x' adds to the confusion:
> strsplit(c("xAy", "xxByB", "xCyCCz"), split=c("A", "B", "C", "D"))
[[1]]
[1] "x" "y"
[[2]]
[1] "xx" "y"
[[3]]
[1] "x" "y" "" "z"
A warning (or error) would go a long way in helping the user realize
they're doing something wrong.
No warning either when 'split' is shorter than 'x' but the length of the
latter is not a multiple of the length of the former:
> strsplit(c("xAy", "xxByB", "xCyCCz"), split=c("A", "B"))
[[1]]
[1] "x" "y"
[[2]]
[1] "xx" "y"
[[3]]
[1] "xCyCCz"
Which is also unexpected given that most binary operations do issue a
warning in this case (e.g. 11:13 * 1:2).
H.
On 12/18/19 06:48, Duncan Murdoch wrote:
> On 18/12/2019 9:42 a.m., IAGO GINÉ VÁZQUEZ wrote:
>> Hi all,
>>
>> In the help of strsplit one can read
>>
>> split character vector (or object which can be coerced to such)
>> containing regular
>> expression<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__127.0.0.1-3A39783_help_library_base_help_regular-2520expression&d=DwIDaQ&c=eRAMFD45gAfqt84VtBcfhQ&r=BK7q3XeAvimeWdGbWY_wJYbW0WYiZvSXAJJKaaPhzWA&m=8oX1lQmqWY3lK0RSHzCrjkg95jmR7nr4Q0GU3Nw13qA&s=Tfpsttj1v1lIOp9QlfoqGJ1UsKCFOndwgmaNd6XT64s&e=
>> >(s) (unless fixed = TRUE) to use for splitting. If empty matches
>> occur, in particular if split has length 0, x is split into single
>> characters. Ifsplit has length greater than 1, it is re-cycled along x.
>>
>> Taking into account that split is said to be a vector (not a length 1
>> vector) and the last claim above, I would expect that the output of
>>
>>
>> strsplit("3:4", split = c(",",":"), fixed = TRUE)
>>
>> was the same than the output of
>>
>> strsplit("3:4", split = c(":"), fixed = TRUE)
>>
>> that is, splitting by "," (without effect in this example) and also by
>> ":"
>>
>> [[1]]
>> [1] "3" "4"
>>
>> But, instead, I get
>> [[1]]
>> [1] "3:4"
>>
>> Am I wrongly understanding the help? Is it an expected output?
>> I tried with R 3.6.1 for Windows (10).
>
> Yes, you are misunderstanding the help. Your input x has length 1, so
> only the first element of split will be used. If you wanted to use
> both, you would need a longer x. For example,
>
> > strsplit(c("1:2", "3:4"), split=c(",", ":"), fixed=TRUE)
> [[1]]
> [1] "1:2"
>
> [[2]]
> [1] "3" "4"
>
> The first element is split using "," -- since there are none, there's no
> splitting done. The second element is split using ":".
>
> Duncan Murdoch
>
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--
Hervé Pagès
Program in Computational Biology
Division of Public Health Sciences
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
1100 Fairview Ave. N, M1-B514
P.O. Box 19024
Seattle, WA 98109-1024
E-mail: hpages using fredhutch.org
Phone: (206) 667-5791
Fax: (206) 667-1319
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