[Rd] Calling FORTRAN function from R issue?

Prof Brian Ripley ripley at stats.ox.ac.uk
Tue Mar 6 16:51:08 CET 2012

On 06/03/2012 06:28, Berwin A Turlach wrote:
> G'day Dominick,
> On Mon, 5 Mar 2012 19:21:01 -0500
> Dominick Samperi<djsamperi at gmail.com>  wrote:


>> This is consistent with the interface prototype for the BLAS
>> routine zdotc contained in<R>/include/R_ext/BLAS.h, namely,
>> BLAS_extern Rcomplex
>>      F77_NAME(zdotc)(Rcomplex * ret_val, int *n,
>> 		    Rcomplex *zx, int *incx, Rcomplex *zy, int *incy);
>> [...]
>> On the other hand, this is not consistent with the standard
>> FORTRAN definition for zdotc that is contained in
>> <R>/src/extra/blas/cmplxblas.f, where the first argument is
>> n, not ret_val.
> This seems to be indeed inconsistent and, presumably, a bug.  Applying
> the attach patch to R's development version (compiles, installs and
> passes all checks with this patch), and changing in your code the line

As I said elsewhere in this thread, this really is very 
compiler-specific, and rather than being a bug, that header is not 
appropriate to the compilers used (it came from the days of f2c and 
Fortran compilers based on it such as g77).

I'll change the sources to follow your patch as I think it is much more 
likely to be correct these days, but also add a warning in the header.
I don't think it is safe to call these functions from C without 
configure-testing the effect.

> 	F77_CALL(zdotc)(&ret_val,&n, zx,&incx, zy,&incy);
> to
> 	ret_val = F77_CALL(zdotc)(&n, zx,&incx, zy,&incy);
> produces the expected output.

Brian D. Ripley,                  ripley at stats.ox.ac.uk
Professor of Applied Statistics,  http://www.stats.ox.ac.uk/~ripley/
University of Oxford,             Tel:  +44 1865 272861 (self)
1 South Parks Road,                     +44 1865 272866 (PA)
Oxford OX1 3TG, UK                Fax:  +44 1865 272595

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