dropterm {MASS} | R Documentation |

Try fitting all models that differ from the current model by dropping a single term, maintaining marginality.

This function is generic; there exist methods for classes `lm`

and
`glm`

and the default method will work for many other classes.

```
dropterm (object, ...)
## Default S3 method:
dropterm(object, scope, scale = 0, test = c("none", "Chisq"),
k = 2, sorted = FALSE, trace = FALSE, ...)
## S3 method for class 'lm'
dropterm(object, scope, scale = 0, test = c("none", "Chisq", "F"),
k = 2, sorted = FALSE, ...)
## S3 method for class 'glm'
dropterm(object, scope, scale = 0, test = c("none", "Chisq", "F"),
k = 2, sorted = FALSE, trace = FALSE, ...)
```

`object` |
A object fitted by some model-fitting function. |

`scope` |
a formula giving terms which might be dropped. By default, the model formula. Only terms that can be dropped and maintain marginality are actually tried. |

`scale` |
used in the definition of the AIC statistic for selecting the models,
currently only for |

`test` |
should the results include a test statistic relative to the original
model? The F test is only appropriate for |

`k` |
the multiple of the number of degrees of freedom used for the penalty.
Only |

`sorted` |
should the results be sorted on the value of AIC? |

`trace` |
if |

`...` |
arguments passed to or from other methods. |

The definition of AIC is only up to an additive constant: when
appropriate (`lm`

models with specified scale) the constant is taken
to be that used in Mallows' Cp statistic and the results are labelled
accordingly.

A table of class `"anova"`

containing at least columns for the change
in degrees of freedom and AIC (or Cp) for the models. Some methods
will give further information, for example sums of squares, deviances,
log-likelihoods and test statistics.

Venables, W. N. and Ripley, B. D. (2002)
*Modern Applied Statistics with S.* Fourth edition. Springer.

```
quine.hi <- aov(log(Days + 2.5) ~ .^4, quine)
quine.nxt <- update(quine.hi, . ~ . - Eth:Sex:Age:Lrn)
dropterm(quine.nxt, test= "F")
quine.stp <- stepAIC(quine.nxt,
scope = list(upper = ~Eth*Sex*Age*Lrn, lower = ~1),
trace = FALSE)
dropterm(quine.stp, test = "F")
quine.3 <- update(quine.stp, . ~ . - Eth:Age:Lrn)
dropterm(quine.3, test = "F")
quine.4 <- update(quine.3, . ~ . - Eth:Age)
dropterm(quine.4, test = "F")
quine.5 <- update(quine.4, . ~ . - Age:Lrn)
dropterm(quine.5, test = "F")
house.glm0 <- glm(Freq ~ Infl*Type*Cont + Sat, family=poisson,
data = housing)
house.glm1 <- update(house.glm0, . ~ . + Sat*(Infl+Type+Cont))
dropterm(house.glm1, test = "Chisq")
```

[Package *MASS* version 7.3-58.3 Index]