[R-sig-ME] lme results unstructured covariance matrix
ben pelzer
benpe|zer @end|ng |rom gm@||@com
Sat Jul 16 15:59:40 CEST 2022
Hi all,
I have a question about results from lme of package nlme.
Suppose the data consists of repeated measures at two fixed time points.
I used the following equation:
Model1 <- lme ( y ~ 1+t2 , random = ~ 0 + t1+t2|person, data=da)
y is the dependent, t1 and t2 are binary dummy variables, valued 0 or 1,
indicating the time point. Model1 is estimated without any convergence
problems and the reproduced (co)variances found with
getVarCov(Model1, type=”marginal”, indivual=”1”)
are identical to the observed (co)variances.
My question is: how can lme estimate 4 (co)variances with only 3 known
(co)variances?
The 4 estimates concern:
- std. deviation of the random effect of dummy t1
- std. deviation of the random effect of dummy t2
- covariance of the random effects of the dummies t1 and t2 t1
- residual std. error
Related to the question above: how can the variances of the random effects
and the residual std. error be interpreted?
Thanks for any help,
Ben.
I’m struggling with specifying a model in lme from the nlme package.
My data consists of two groups, say men and women. Each person is measured
three times at fixed occasions in time. I would like to estimate un
unstructured 3x3 (co)variance matrix for each group. So these are the
variables involved:
dependent Y,
time (1, 2 or 3),
gender ( 0 or 1),
person “id” variable.
I also created dummy-indicator variable t1, t2 and t3 denoting the three
points in time.
This is the script to simulate the data:
set.seed(123456)
id <- rep(1:20,each=3)
time <- rep(c(1,2,3), 20)
t1 <- ifelse(time==1, 1, 0)
t2 <- ifelse(time==2, 1, 0)
t3 <- ifelse(time==3, 1, 0)
time <- factor(time)
gender <- rep(c(0,1), each=30)
# Add random person effect.
u <- c(rep(rnorm(10,0,2), each=3), rep(rnorm(10,0,4), each=3))
e <- c(rnorm(30,0,2), rnorm(30,0,3))
y <- 1 + 2*t2 + 5*t3 + 3*gender + u + e
da <- data.frame(id, time, t1, t2, t3, gender, y)
library(nlme)
model1 <- lme(y ~ t2 + t3 + gender, random = ~ 1 + time|id, da)
summary(model1)
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