[R-sig-ME] Models and Power Analysis for Within-subject Design in LMER

Fan, L. |@|@n @end|ng |rom vu@n|
Mon Oct 14 17:08:06 CEST 2019

This is Lei from VU Amsterdam.
Recently I am proposing a new within-subject study based on my former results of a between-subject one. As planning for the proposal, I found it is a little bit confuse in creating the model.
In the first between-subject study, I used a basic model like this with some other random slopes:
Emotion Value ~ Emotion Type * WTR + (1|Subject) + (1|Scenario)
Each participant would have one WTR index and finish 2 emotion assessments based on one single scenario from the pool.  The EV and ET were created as repeated measure format originally from the emotion assessments. The effect we focused on is the interaction.
In the new study, we would like to make the study within-subject, by asking the participants to repeat the procedure for 3 times with different scenarios and WTR conditions (here the conditions are as a manipulation for maximum the rage of the WTRs, not as an IV). Then, here comes the questions:
1. I tried to draw the model for the new study, but it seemed to be the same as the between-subject one. Does it mean that I make mistakes in creating the model?
2. Using the current model for calculating the sample size, the result should be the same for the required observations as for the between-subject design (model never changed). Should not it be smaller as the design is within-subject? The only possibility is the model did not count the within part. How can I make it work?
3. As for the between-subject study, we used a data simulation approach to calculate the sample size. Here, as it is a follow-up study, is there some other more convincing way to conduct the a-prior power analysis?

Thanks a lot in advance!

Lei Fan

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