[R-sig-ME] MCMCglmm Poisson with an offset term and splines
dani
orchidn at live.com
Wed Sep 27 20:26:13 CEST 2017
Hello David,
My file is very large indeed.
I would just like to emphasize that there was nothing wrong with the way the spl2 function worked.
Everything worked properly when I followed Jarrod's advice. The code was ok.
The problem is that I am a beginner and I keep on saving my files and exporting my file messed with my table.
Therefore, everything worked properly.
I apologize again for taking so much time from everyone with this problem that turned out not to be a problem, after all.
Thanks again everyone!
Best
DNM
Sent from Outlook<http://aka.ms/weboutlook>
________________________________
From: David Winsemius <dwinsemius at comcast.net>
Sent: Wednesday, September 27, 2017 10:58 AM
To: Jarrod Hadfield
Cc: dani; Ben Bolker; r-sig-mixed-models at r-project.org
Subject: Re: [R-sig-ME] MCMCglmm Poisson with an offset term and splines
This is just a heads up for dani and Jarrod.
You are having a nice conversation, but the data was never distributed to the list because as far as I can see dani only uses HTML in his emails and probably sent a csv or .Rdata file which would have been scrubbed by the mailserver. So no one but you two can see what is really happening, even though some of the rest of us might have an interest in seeing how well splines do (or don't) work in MCMCglmm.models.
Best;
David.
> On Sep 27, 2017, at 8:19 AM, Jarrod Hadfield <j.hadfield at ed.ac.uk> wrote:
>
> Hi,
>
>
> If I use the code you sent me with the data you sent me there are 12 effects and using k=12 works fine. You must have changed the data and/or the code.
>
>
> Jarrod
>
>
> On 27/09/2017 16:13, dani wrote:
>>
>>
>> Hello Jarrod,
>>
>>
>> Thank you so much for your patience!
>>
>>
>> This is the model that I used:
>>
>>
>> mcmc <- MCMCglmm(y ~ age+x2+x8+x9+x3+l_lfvcspo+x4+x5+x6+x7+offset,
>> random =~ STUDYID+class+idv(l_lfvcspn),
>> data = newdatab1,
>> family = "poisson", prior=prior)
>>
>> I simply do not understand what am I doing wrong. These are my fixed terms:
>>
>>
>> 1) age
>>
>> 2) x2
>>
>> 3) x8
>>
>> 4) x9
>>
>> 5) x3
>>
>> 6) l_lfvcspo
>>
>> 7) x4
>>
>> 8) x5
>>
>> 9) x6
>>
>> 10) x7
>>
>> 11) offset
>>
>> There are thus 11 terms. If I add the intercept I obtain 12 fixed effects.
>>
>>
>> If I put k=12 per the number of fixed effects that I have, I get this error:
>>
>>
>> Error in MCMCglmm(y ~ age + x2 + x8 + x9 + x3 + l_lfvcspo + x4 + x5 + :
>> fixed effect mu prior is the wrong dimension
>>
>> Do you think it might be an issue with the structure of the newdatab1 dataset? It seems Ok when I look at it. I do not know what else to do, I seem to have exhausted all options.
>>
>>
>> I apologize again, I really do not understand what am I doing wrong and how can I improve.
>>
>>
>> Best,
>>
>> DNM
>>
>>
>> Sent from Outlook <http://aka.ms/weboutlook>
>>
>>
>> ------------------------------------------------------------------------
>> *From:* Jarrod Hadfield <j.hadfield at ed.ac.uk>
>> *Sent:* Wednesday, September 27, 2017 7:55 AM
>> *To:* dani; Ben Bolker
>> *Cc:* Matthew; r-sig-mixed-models at r-project.org
>> *Subject:* Re: [R-sig-ME] MCMCglmm Poisson with an offset term and splines
>>
>> Hi,
>>
>>
>> Yes - the intercept is a parameter so should be included. If you get 13 effects then the data/code you sent us are different from the data/code you are using. The issue is not really anything to do with your (mis)understanding about priors it is simply that you have set priors for k parameters whereas there are in fact not k parameters.
>>
>>
>> Cheers,
>>
>>
>> Jarrod
>>
>>
>> On 27/09/2017 15:38, dani wrote:
>>>
>>> Hello again,
>>>
>>>
>>> Thanks! I was indeed referring to the k in the prior formula. I guess I am still confused whether I should add the intercept to the number of fixed effects, as I have 12 variables as I count as fixed effects without the intercept. Would it be possible to confirm that for me, please?
>>>
>>>
>>> Also, for k=12 in the prior formula, I get this error:
>>>
>>> Error in MCMCglmm(y ~ age + x2 + x8 + x9 + x3 + l_lfvcspo + x4 + x5 + :
>>> fixed effect mu prior is the wrong dimension
>>>
>>> I am puzzled about this error.
>>>
>>>
>>> I do not seem to understand how to select the fixed effects. Could someone point me to a source of information where I can learn more about this, please? Also, is there a book where I can learn more about prior specification? I think I need to see more examples.
>>>
>>>
>>> Thank you so much. I apologize for this, but I am very confused and I would like to learn more about this!
>>>
>>> Best,
>>>
>>> DNM
>>>
>>>
>>> Sent from Outlook <http://aka.ms/weboutlook>
>>> ------------------------------------------------------------------------
>>> *From:* Jarrod Hadfield <j.hadfield at ed.ac.uk>
>>> *Sent:* Wednesday, September 27, 2017 7:28:17 AM
>>> *To:* dani; Ben Bolker
>>> *Cc:* Matthew; r-sig-mixed-models at r-project.org
>>> *Subject:* Re: [R-sig-ME] MCMCglmm Poisson with an offset term and splines
>>>
>>> Hi,
>>>
>>>
>>> There are 12 terms in the model not 13 so k=12. The k in the prior specification is completely unrelated to the number of knot points in the spline.
>>>
>>>
>>> Cheers,
>>>
>>>
>>> Jarrod
>>>
>>>
>>> On 27/09/2017 15:16, dani wrote:
>>>> Hello Jarrod,
>>>>
>>>> I have attached my code and my file.
>>>>
>>>> Variable age has 3 levels, variables x2, x8, and x9 have two levels each, and the rest of the variables are continuous.
>>>>
>>>> I re-ran the spl2 function and this time around I obtained one single fixed smoother (l_lfvcspo) and one single random smoother (l_lfvcspn). Last time around I got 8 variables with suffixes from 1-8 for l_lfvcspn and I did not know what to do with those.
>>>>
>>>> Also, as I had 11 fixed effects (corresponding to 11 variables), I thought it was appropriate to choose k=11. I was not sure whether the intercept needed to be counted as well as the levels of the categorical fixed predictors (except for their reference categories). Because I kept on getting the "mu" error for k=11, I tried k=13 (which includes the intercept and the 2 levels for the 3-level age variable, which I did not consider before). I am not sure this is the way to go, I guess I need to read more to be able to model properly fixed effects in R, but for now I was wondering whether this consideration of fixed effects sounds ok in this particular example.
>>>>
>>>> The MCMC model worked properly based on the prior using k=13.
>>>>
>>>> Please see the code below:
>>>>
>>>> *#spl2 function*
>>>>
>>>> library(mgcv)
>>>>
>>>> spl2<-function(formula, data, p=TRUE, dataX=data){
>>>> aug<-nrow(data)-nrow(dataX)
>>>> if(aug!=0){
>>>> if(aug<0){
>>>> stop("sorry nrow(dataX) must be less than or equal to nrow(data)")
>>>> }else{
>>>> augX<-matrix(0, aug, ncol(dataX))
>>>> colnames(augX)<-colnames(dataX)
>>>> dataX<-rbind(dataX, augX)
>>>> }
>>>> }
>>>> smooth.spec.object<-interpret.gam(formula)$smooth.spec[[1]]
>>>> sm<-smoothCon(smooth.spec.object, data=data, knots=NULL,absorb.cons=TRUE, dataX=dataX)[[1]]
>>>> Sed<-eigen(sm$S[[1]])
>>>> Su<-Sed$vectors
>>>> Sd<-Sed$values
>>>> nonzeros <- which(Sd > sqrt(.Machine$double.eps))
>>>> if(p){
>>>> Zn<-sm$X%*%Su[,nonzeros, drop=FALSE]%*%diag(1/sqrt(Sd[nonzeros]))
>>>> }else{
>>>> Zn<-sm$X[,-nonzeros, drop=FALSE]
>>>> }
>>>> return(Zn[1:(nrow(data)-aug),,drop=FALSE])
>>>> }
>>>>
>>>> *$spline terms*
>>>> *
>>>> *
>>>> newdatab1$l_lfvcspo<-spl2(~s(f_lfv_c,k=10), data=newdatab1, p=F)
>>>> newdatab1$l_lfvcspn<-spl2(~s(f_lfv_c,k=10), data=newdatab1)
>>>> summary(newdatab1$l_lfvcspo)
>>>> summary(newdatab1$l_lfvcspn)
>>>>
>>>> summary(newdatab1)
>>>> dim(newdatab1)
>>>> str(newdatab1)
>>>>
>>>> *#PRIOR*
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> k<-13 # number of fixed effects
>>>>
>>>> prior<-list(B=list(V=diag(k)*1e4, mu=rep(0,k)),
>>>> R=list(V=1, nu=0),
>>>> G=list(G1=list(V=1, nu=0),
>>>> G2=list(V=1, nu=0),
>>>> G3=list(V=1, nu=0)))
>>>>
>>>> prior$B$mu[k]<-1 # assuming the offset term is last
>>>> prior$B$V[k,k]<-1e-4
>>>>
>>>> *# MCMC model*
>>>>
>>>> mcmc <- MCMCglmm(y ~ age+x2+x8+x9+x3+l_lfvcspo+x4+x5+x6+x7+offset,
>>>> random =~ STUDYID+class+idv(l_lfvcspn),
>>>> data = newdatab1,
>>>> family = "poisson", prior=prior)
>>>> summary(mcmc)
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> This model has worked, so I would like to thank you so much for all your help so far. I guess I just want to make sure I understand how to model the fixed effects in MCMCglmm and I also would like to make sure that my model is correct.
>>>>
>>>> I truly appreciate all your invaluable help!
>>>> Best regards,
>>>> Dani NM
>>>> ------------------------------------------------------------------------
>>>> *From:* Jarrod Hadfield <j.hadfield at ed.ac.uk>
>>>> *Sent:* Tuesday, September 26, 2017 12:01:19 PM
>>>> *To:* dani; Ben Bolker
>>>> *Cc:* Matthew; r-sig-mixed-models at r-project.org
>>>> *Subject:* Re: [R-sig-ME] MCMCglmm Poisson with an offset term and splines
>>>>
>>>> Hi Dani,
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> It is still not possible for us to diagnose the problem. You need to provide code+data that reproduces the error. f_lfv_c does not appear in newdatab.
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> Cheers,
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> Jarrod
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> On 25/09/2017 18:08, dani wrote:
>>>>>
>>>>> Hello again,
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>> Thank you so much for your prompt response. I apologize for the silly questions, I am a true beginner and I am ashamed of my ignorance. I guess I should explain what I did:
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>> I used the spl2 function and obtained the fixed and random factors corresponding to the variable I needed the smoother for (named f_lfv_c).
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>> newdatab$l_lfvcspo<-spl2(~s(f_lfv_c,k=10), data=newdatab, p=F)
>>>>> newdatab$l_lfvcspn<-spl2(~s(f_lfv_c,k=10), data=newdatab)
>>>>>
>>>>> I am not sure how to attach the random effects corresponding to the l_lfvcspn. I get this array of 8 variables and I am really not sure how to include them in the model. Should I get forget about spl2 and simply add the variable f_lfv_c as a fixed term and spl(f_lfv) in the idv random term?
>>>>>
>>>>> Also, it seems to me that I have 11 fixed effects, I am not sure what to do.
>>>>>
>>>>> I am really sorry about all these silly questions, I really do not understand how these things work, but I would like to know more about this.
>>>>>
>>>>> Best regards!
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>> Sent from Outlook <http://aka.ms/weboutlook>
>>>>> ------------------------------------------------------------------------
>>>>> *From:* Jarrod Hadfield <j.hadfield at ed.ac.uk>
>>>>> *Sent:* Monday, September 25, 2017 8:51:09 AM
>>>>> *To:* dani; Ben Bolker
>>>>> *Cc:* Matthew; r-sig-mixed-models at r-project.org
>>>>> *Subject:* Re: [R-sig-ME] MCMCglmm Poisson with an offset term and splines
>>>>>
>>>>> Hi,
>>>>>
>>>>> The example is not reproducible: l_lfvcspn does not exist.
>>>>>
>>>>> The error is telling you that you don't have 11 fixed effects in the model. Change k to the number of fixed effects in the model.
>>>>>
>>>>> Jarrod
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>> On 25/09/2017 16:39, dani wrote:
>>>>>> mc_spl1gna <- MCMCglmm(y ~ age+x2+x8+x9+x3+l_lfvcspo+x4+x5+x6+x7+offset,
>>>>>> random =~ STUDYID+class+idv(l_lfvcspn),
>>>>>> data = newdatab,
>>>>>> family = "poisson"
>>>>>
>>>>
>>>
>>
>
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David Winsemius
Alameda, CA, USA
'Any technology distinguishable from magic is insufficiently advanced.' -Gehm's Corollary to Clarke's Third Law
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