[R-sig-ME] MCMCglmm Poisson with an offset term and splines

dani orchidn at live.com
Wed Sep 27 16:16:58 CEST 2017

Hello Jarrod,

I have attached my code and my file.

Variable age has 3 levels, variables x2, x8, and x9 have two levels each, and the rest of the variables are continuous.

I re-ran the spl2 function and this time around I obtained one single fixed smoother (l_lfvcspo) and one single random smoother (l_lfvcspn). Last time around I got 8 variables with suffixes from 1-8 for l_lfvcspn and I did not know what to do with those.

Also, as I had 11 fixed effects (corresponding to 11 variables), I thought it was appropriate to choose k=11. I was not sure whether the intercept needed to be counted as well as the levels of the categorical fixed predictors (except for their reference categories). Because I kept on getting the "mu" error for k=11, I tried k=13 (which includes the intercept and the 2 levels for the 3-level age variable, which I did not consider before). I am not sure this is the way to go, I guess I need to read more to be able to model properly fixed effects in R, but for now I was wondering whether this consideration of fixed effects sounds ok in this particular example.

The MCMC model worked properly based on the prior using k=13.

Please see the code below:

#spl2 function


spl2<-function(formula, data, p=TRUE, dataX=data){


      stop("sorry nrow(dataX) must be less than or equal to nrow(data)")
      augX<-matrix(0, aug, ncol(dataX))
      dataX<-rbind(dataX, augX)
  sm<-smoothCon(smooth.spec.object, data=data, knots=NULL,absorb.cons=TRUE, dataX=dataX)[[1]]

  nonzeros <- which(Sd > sqrt(.Machine$double.eps))

    Zn<-sm$X%*%Su[,nonzeros, drop=FALSE]%*%diag(1/sqrt(Sd[nonzeros]))
    Zn<-sm$X[,-nonzeros, drop=FALSE]

$spline terms

newdatab1$l_lfvcspo<-spl2(~s(f_lfv_c,k=10), data=newdatab1, p=F)
newdatab1$l_lfvcspn<-spl2(~s(f_lfv_c,k=10), data=newdatab1)



k<-13 # number of fixed effects

prior<-list(B=list(V=diag(k)*1e4, mu=rep(0,k)),
            R=list(V=1, nu=0),
            G=list(G1=list(V=1, nu=0),
                   G2=list(V=1, nu=0),
                   G3=list(V=1, nu=0)))

prior$B$mu[k]<-1 # assuming the offset term is last

# MCMC model

mcmc <- MCMCglmm(y ~ age+x2+x8+x9+x3+l_lfvcspo+x4+x5+x6+x7+offset,
                 random =~ STUDYID+class+idv(l_lfvcspn),
                 data   = newdatab1,
                 family = "poisson", prior=prior)

This model has worked, so I would like to thank you so much for all your help so far. I guess I just want to make sure I understand how to model the fixed effects in MCMCglmm and I also would like to make sure that my model is correct.

I truly appreciate all your invaluable help!
Best regards,
Dani NM
From: Jarrod Hadfield <j.hadfield at ed.ac.uk>
Sent: Tuesday, September 26, 2017 12:01:19 PM
To: dani; Ben Bolker
Cc: Matthew; r-sig-mixed-models at r-project.org
Subject: Re: [R-sig-ME] MCMCglmm Poisson with an offset term and splines

Hi Dani,

It is still not possible for us to diagnose the problem. You need to provide code+data that reproduces the error. f_lfv_c does not appear in newdatab.



On 25/09/2017 18:08, dani wrote:

Hello again,

Thank you so much for your prompt response. I apologize for the silly questions, I am a true beginner and I am ashamed of my ignorance. I guess I should explain what I did:

I used the spl2 function and obtained the fixed and random factors corresponding to the variable I needed the smoother for (named f_lfv_c).

newdatab$l_lfvcspo<-spl2(~s(f_lfv_c,k=10), data=newdatab, p=F)
newdatab$l_lfvcspn<-spl2(~s(f_lfv_c,k=10), data=newdatab)

I am not sure how to attach the random effects corresponding to the l_lfvcspn. I get this array of 8 variables and I am really not sure how to include them in the model. Should I get forget about spl2 and simply add the variable f_lfv_c as a fixed term and spl(f_lfv) in the idv random term?

Also, it seems to me that I have 11 fixed effects, I am not sure what to do.

I am really sorry about all these silly questions, I really do not understand how these things work, but I would like to know more about this.

Best regards!

Sent from Outlook<http://aka.ms/weboutlook>
From: Jarrod Hadfield <j.hadfield at ed.ac.uk><mailto:j.hadfield at ed.ac.uk>
Sent: Monday, September 25, 2017 8:51:09 AM
To: dani; Ben Bolker
Cc: Matthew; r-sig-mixed-models at r-project.org<mailto:r-sig-mixed-models at r-project.org>
Subject: Re: [R-sig-ME] MCMCglmm Poisson with an offset term and splines


The example is not reproducible: l_lfvcspn does not exist.

The error is telling you that you don't have 11 fixed effects in the model. Change k to the number of fixed effects in the model.


On 25/09/2017 16:39, dani wrote:
mc_spl1gna <- MCMCglmm(y ~ age+x2+x8+x9+x3+l_lfvcspo+x4+x5+x6+x7+offset,
                       random =~ STUDYID+class+idv(l_lfvcspn),
                       data   = newdatab,
                       family = "poisson"

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