[R-sig-ME] Anova II table, df, drop1 and very complex regression models!
Steven J. Pierce
pierces1 at msu.edu
Tue Aug 30 14:42:11 CEST 2016
I completely agree that analyzing a stable dataset is essential, but I'd argue that selecting a subset containing only cases with no missing data is actually changing the nature of the population to which your inferences can be generalized. In effect it tacks "and who have no missing data" onto the definition of the target population. That is unlikely to be the population you really want to study. It may also dramatically reduce your sample size, thereby reducing power and precision of the estimates.
To preserve inference to the original intended population, solve the missing data problem with either some form of imputation or by using a full-information maximum likelihood estimation method that doesn’t throw out cases with missing data.
Steven J. Pierce, Ph.D.
Associate Director
Center for Statistical Training & Consulting (CSTAT)
Michigan State University
-----Original Message-----
From: Thierry Onkelinx [mailto:thierry.onkelinx at inbo.be]
Sent: Tuesday, August 30, 2016 3:30 AM
To: Shadiya Al Hashmi <saah500 at york.ac.uk>
Cc: r-sig-mixed-models at r-project.org
Subject: Re: [R-sig-ME] Anova II table, df, drop1 and very complex regression models!
Dear Shadiya,
You need to do the model selection on a stable dataset. Therefore you
should create a subset which doesn't contain missing values in the
covariates. Use this subset for model selection. Then you can refit the
final model on the total dataset.
Best regards,
ir. Thierry Onkelinx
Instituut voor natuur- en bosonderzoek / Research Institute for Nature and
Forest
team Biometrie & Kwaliteitszorg / team Biometrics & Quality Assurance
Kliniekstraat 25
1070 Anderlecht
Belgium
To call in the statistician after the experiment is done may be no more
than asking him to perform a post-mortem examination: he may be able to say
what the experiment died of. ~ Sir Ronald Aylmer Fisher
The plural of anecdote is not data. ~ Roger Brinner
The combination of some data and an aching desire for an answer does not
ensure that a reasonable answer can be extracted from a given body of data.
~ John Tukey
2016-08-30 7:23 GMT+02:00 Shadiya Al Hashmi <saah500 at york.ac.uk>:
> Good morning,
>
>
> I have complex data of 7 variables (6 treatment + 1 control [“age” in the
> model below]) plus 18 interactions in a dataset of 2448 observations which
> have some missing values (NAs). The maximal model which I have simplified
> as per y hypothesis is as follows.
>
>
>
> modelAAW<-glmer(match~Listgp + vowel.quality + stimulus.presentation +
> context +length + age + freq.+ Listgp:context+ Listgp:length+ Listgp:freq.+
> Listgp:stimulus.presentation+ Listgp:age+ context:length+ context:freq.+
> context:stimulus.presentation+ context:age+ length:freq.+
> length:stimulus.presentation+ length:age+ freq.:stimulus.presentation+
> freq.:age+ stimulus.presentation:age+ Listgp:stimulus.presentation +
> Listgp:vowel.quality + stimulus.presentation:vowel.quality +
> (Listgp|stimulus) + (stimulus.presentation+vowel.quality|listener) , data
> =
> SBAAW, family = "binomial", control=glmerControl(optCtrl=
> list(maxfun=2e5)),
> nAGQ =1)
>
>
>
> I ran a binomial logistic regression analysis on the data and did the
> stepwise regression manually since the drop1(modelAAW, test = "Chisq")
> command yielded no results in a span of more than 16 hours. The resulting
> regression models are nested in the maximal model (modelAAW).
>
>
>
> Then, I reached the model selection step where I have to interpret the
> anova table below which has degrees of freedom of zero for some models.
>
>
>
> Df AIC BIC logLik deviance Chisq Chi Df Pr(>Chisq)
>
> AAWXI 49 2454.5 2738.8 -1178.2 2356.5
>
> AAWXII 49 2456.4 2740.8 -1179.2 2358.4 0.0000 0 1.0000
>
> AAWXIII 49 2456.4 2740.8 -1179.2 2358.4 0.0000 0 1.0000
>
> AAWIX 51 2457.6 2753.5 -1177.8 2355.6 2.8749 2 0.2375
>
> AAWX 51 2457.6 2753.5 -1177.8 2355.6 0.0000 0 1.0000
>
> AAWVI 52 2458.6 2760.4 -1177.3 2354.6 0.9410 1 0.3320
>
> AAWVII 52 2458.6 2760.4 -1177.3 2354.6 0.0075 0 <2e-16 ***
>
> AAWVIII 52 2458.6 2760.3 -1177.3 2354.6 0.0094 0 <2e-16 ***
>
> AAWV 54 2458.4 2771.7 -1175.2 2350.4 4.2412 2 0.1200
>
> AAWIII 56 2461.9 2786.9 -1175.0 2349.9 0.4275 2 0.8076
>
> AAWIV 56 2461.9 2786.9 -1175.0 2349.9 0.0000 0 1.0000
>
> AAWII 57 2463.9 2794.7 -1175.0 2349.9 0.0215 1 0.8835
>
> AAWI 60 2467.9 2816.1 -1174.0 2347.9 1.9763 3 0.5773
>
> modelAAW 66 2474.4 2857.3 -1171.2 2342.4 5.5778 6 0.4721
>
> Signif. codes: 0 ‘***’ 0.001 ‘**’ 0.01 ‘*’ 0.05 ‘.’ 0.1 ‘ ’ 1
>
>
>
>
>
> So many people that I have consulted tell me that I shouldn’t trust a model
> of df=zero and advise that I should re-run the models using the drop1
> command or simplify the maximal model but in my case I don’t know if I will
> ever get results especially that it took more than 16 hours straight with
> no luck and I simplified the maximal model to the best I could.
>
>
>
> When I checked R documentation, I read that “when given a sequence of
> objects, anova tests the models against one another in the order specified”
> based on the AIC value from the smallest to the largest. However, there
> is a warning that “the comparison between two or more models will only be
> valid if they are fitted to the same dataset. This may be a problem if
> there are missing values and R's default of na.action = na.omit is used”,
> so I’m assuming this is the case with my models.
>
>
>
> Now, should I select model AAWVIII since it has the least p-value (and the
> least BIC value compared to AAWVII)?
>
>
>
> The formulas of the two models in addition to AAWXI model are as follows.
> The first two models are similar to each other except that in AAWVIII the
> variable stimulus.presentation is deleted and in model AAWXI the variable
> Listgp is deleted.
>
>
> AAWVI<-glmer(match~Listgp + vowel.quality + stimulus.presentation + context
> + age + freq.+ Listgp:freq.+ Listgp:stimulus.presentation+ context:length+
> context:freq.+ context:stimulus.presentation+length:stimulus.presentation+
> length:age+ freq.:stimulus.presentation+ freq.:age+
> stimulus.presentation:age+ + Listgp:stimulus.presentation +
> Listgp:vowel.quality + stimulus.presentation:vowel.quality +
> (Listgp|stimulus) + (stimulus.presentation+vowel.quality|listener) , data
> =
> SBAAW, family = "binomial", control=glmerControl(optCtrl=
> list(maxfun=2e5)),
> nAGQ =1)
>
>
>
> AAWVIII<-glmer(match~Listgp + vowel.quality + context + age + Listgp:freq.+
> Listgp:stimulus.presentation+ context:length+ context:freq.+
> context:stimulus.presentation+length:stimulus.presentation+ length:age+
> freq.:stimulus.presentation+ freq.:age+ stimulus.presentation:age+ +
> Listgp:stimulus.presentation + Listgp:vowel.quality +
> stimulus.presentation:vowel.quality + (Listgp|stimulus) +
> (stimulus.presentation+vowel.quality|listener) , data = SBAAW, family =
> "binomial", control=glmerControl(optCtrl=list(maxfun=2e5)), nAGQ =1)
>
>
>
> AAWXI<-glmer(match~vowel.quality + context + age + Listgp:freq.+
> Listgp:stimulus.presentation+ context:length+ context:freq.+
> context:stimulus.presentation+length:stimulus.presentation+
> freq.:stimulus.presentation+ freq.:age+ stimulus.presentation:age+ +
> Listgp:stimulus.presentation + Listgp:vowel.quality +
> stimulus.presentation:vowel.quality + (Listgp|stimulus) +
> (stimulus.presentation+vowel.quality|listener) , data = SBAAW, family =
> "binomial", control=glmerControl(optCtrl=list(maxfun=2e5)), nAGQ =1)
>
>
>
> I would appreciate your help with this.
>
>
>
> --
> Shadiya
>
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>
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