[R-sig-ME] reconstruction of effect sizes in Baayen, Davidson & Bates (2008)

Andrew Robinson A.Robinson at ms.unimelb.edu.au
Fri May 6 01:21:31 CEST 2011


surely it would be most appropriate to approach the authors directly?


On Thu, May 05, 2011 at 04:24:37PM +0200, VANHOVE Jan wrote:
> Dear all,
> I’ve been reading Baayen et al. (2008) for quite some time now in order to get a feel for the usefulness of mixed modeling in language studies. Unfortunately, I can’t wrap my head around the effect sizes that the authors infer from their mixed model outputs. Can anyone put me on the right track? Thanks in advance.
> R code and quote re: effect sizes below.
> R.H. Baayen, D.J. Davidson, D.M. Bates, 2008. Mixed-effects modeling with crossed random effects for subjects and items. Journal of Memory and Language 59, 390-412. Available at http://www.ualberta.ca/~baayen/publications/baayenDavidsonBates.pdf
> ----begin code----
> library(languageR)
> attach(primingHeidPrevRT)
> # note: RT are log-transformed latencies
> model1.lmer <- lmer(RT ~ log(RTmin1) + Condition + (1|Word) + (1|Subject))
> print(model1.lmer, corr=F)
> # model summary also on p. 400 (top left)
> ----end code----
> Quote: ‘The latency to the preceding [i.e. log(RTmin1); JV] has a large effect size with a 400 ms difference between the smallest and the largest predictor values, the corresponding difference for the frequency effect [not in the model; JV] was only 50 ms.’
> I would like to find out how the authors arrived at these effect size estimates. I can’t reconstruct the 400 ms RTmin1 effect from the model output using the most extreme predictor values:
> exp((5.80465 + .12125*range(log(RTmin1))))
> # 685.746 820.627 --- i.e. a 135 ms difference
> Incidentally, this 135 ms difference corresponds to the partial effect I can glean from the plot produced by plotLMER.fnc():
> plotLMER.fnc(model1.lmer, pred="log(RTmin1)")
> Similarly, I’m at a loss as to how they arrived at the 50 ms frequency effect as frequency (in contrast to BaseFrequency) does not seem to be coded in the data set as well as at the 100 ms ‘ResponseToPrime’ effect in another model (p. 400, bottom left).
> Thanks,
> Jan
> ---
> Jan Vanhove
> jan.vanhove at unifr.ch
> PhD student
> Section Multilingualism and foreign language didactics
> University of Fribourg, Switzerland
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Andrew Robinson  
Program Manager, ACERA 
Department of Mathematics and Statistics            Tel: +61-3-8344-6410
University of Melbourne, VIC 3010 Australia               (prefer email)
http://www.ms.unimelb.edu.au/~andrewpr              Fax: +61-3-8344-4599

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