[R-SIG-Mac] error compiling package - ld: library not found for -lSystemStubs

Simon Urbanek simon.urbanek at r-project.org
Tue Mar 27 22:02:44 CEST 2012

On Mar 27, 2012, at 3:44 PM, THIOULOUSE JEAN wrote:

> Le 27 mars 2012 à 16:49, Simon Urbanek a écrit :
>> On Mar 27, 2012, at 10:40 AM, THIOULOUSE JEAN wrote:
>>> Hi,
>>> Sorry to bother you about what is probably a bad configuration of my system. I have the following error when checking a package on my Mac (Mac Pro mid-2010 with Mac OS X Lion 10.7.3 (11D50), running R-2.14.2 from CRAN). I have Xcode 4.3.2 and the GNU Fortran compiler from http://r.research.att.com/. The package is prepRISA and it compiles without problem on R-Forge.
>>> Here is the install.out file of R CMD check prepRISA:
>>> * installing *source* package ‘prepRISA’ ...
>>> ** libs
>>> *** arch - i386
>>> gcc -arch i386 -std=gnu99 -I/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Resources/include -I/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Resources/include/i386 -I/usr/local/mysql/include -I/usr/local/include    -fPIC  -g -O2 -c repClass.c -o repClass.o
>>> gcc -arch i386 -std=gnu99 -dynamiclib -Wl,-headerpad_max_install_names -undefined dynamic_lookup -single_module -multiply_defined suppress -L/usr/local/lib -o prepRISA.so repClass.o -L/usr/local/mysql/lib -lmysqlclient -lSystemStubs -F/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/.. -framework R -Wl,-framework -Wl,CoreFoundation
>>> ld: library not found for -lSystemStubs
>>> collect2: ld returned 1 exit status
>>> make: *** [prepRISA.so] Error 1
>>> ERROR: compilation failed for package ‘prepRISA’
>>> * removing ‘/Volumes/Macintosh-HD/Users/jthioulo/Desktop/prepRISA.Rcheck/prepRISA’
>>> I tried to search about this SystemStubs library, but could only find that it is deprecated in MacOS X 10.7.
>>> Here is my sessionInfo:
>>>> sessionInfo()
>>> R version 2.14.2 (2012-02-29)
>>> Platform: x86_64-apple-darwin9.8.0/x86_64 (64-bit)
>>> locale:
>>> [1] fr_FR.UTF-8/fr_FR.UTF-8/fr_FR.UTF-8/C/fr_FR.UTF-8/fr_FR.UTF-8
>>> attached base packages:
>>> [1] stats     graphics  grDevices utils     datasets  tcltk     methods  
>>> [8] base     
>>> other attached packages:
>>> [1] ade4TkGUI_0.2-5 ade4_1.4-17    
>>> What can I do to get rid of this problem ?
>> The problem seems local to your R or settings - did you perhaps override any PKG_* with bogus flags? This is what you get with released R:
>> ** libs
>> *** arch - i386
>> gcc -arch i386 -std=gnu99 -I/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Resources/include -I/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Resources/include/i386  -I/usr/local/include    -fPIC  -Wall -pedantic -g -O2 -c repClass.c -o repClass.o
>> gcc -arch i386 -std=gnu99 -dynamiclib -Wl,-headerpad_max_install_names -undefined dynamic_lookup -single_module -multiply_defined suppress -L/usr/local/lib -o prepRISA.so repClass.o -F/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/.. -framework R -Wl,-framework -Wl,CoreFoundation
>> installing to /Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Versions/2.14/Resources/library/prepRISA/libs/i386
>> note that you have superfluous "-L/usr/local/mysql/lib -lmysqlclient -lSystemStubs" in your linking step which is *not* part of R ...
>> Cheers,
>> Simon
> Thank you, this probably comes from a previous install of a mysql server implementation. Is there a way to know how these flags get added to the R CMD gcc command line ? I deleted all the R and mysql instances I found on my Mac and re-installed R from CRAN, but the problem remains.

It has nothing to do with those -- it is your user setting. It could be in your environment (try set | grep PKG) or any startup files (.Rprofile, .Renviron or any of the site-configuration files of .R/Makevars and friends ..).


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