[R-SIG-Mac] Installing Mac packages from a directory of .tgz files
Prof Brian Ripley
ripley at stats.ox.ac.uk
Sat Jan 15 10:21:12 CET 2011
On Sat, 15 Jan 2011, Berend Hasselman wrote:
> On 15-01-2011, at 07:39, Murray Jorgensen wrote:
>> Well, still no responses, but I'm further along the trail. I decided that I must need that 'PACKAGES' file so I went back to CRAN and got it, and placed it in my /Applications/tgz12.1/ folder.
>> This time with 'Other Directory URL' as 'files:///Applications/tgz12.1/' I at least got the Package list populated in the 'Repository Version' column.
>> I selected all and clicked 'Install Selected' to no obvious result,
>> although maybe I was too impatient. Then I tried again selecting
>> only the first package 'abc' but still it seems without response.
> First of all, if you are trying to install from a local repository
> there are specific and detailed requirements. See page 21-22 of the
> R-admin.pdf manual under heading "Setting up a package repository".
Yes, but you don't actually need to set up a repository locally:
provided you have a PACKAGES file you can use contriburl= in
install.packages (and as I read it, as 'Other Directory URL').
You can even re-generated a PACKAGES file by cd-ing to the packages
directory and using
but the advantages of using a PACKAGES file+install.packages
(installing in the right order, picking up dependencies) are bigger
for source packages and a complete local repository.
> Second, there is no need to place the .tgz files in a folder in /Applications.
> Also highly undesirable since /Applications is for applications and a system folder.
> I have never installed from downloaded files so I may be completely wrong.
> I have tested my recipe by downloading foreach_1.3.0.tgz and doing as described below (except that I installed the stuff in my personal R library).
> Place the .tgz files (mac binary package files) in a directory in your user tree.
> For example ~/Temp/R
> Start R.app and set the above directory as the working directory (menu Misc, Change Working Directory or with setwd("~/Temp/R").
> Then for informative purposes do list.files() to check if all went well. You should see a list of the files you placed in that directory.
> Now enter .libPaths() to see in which slot the main R library is
> located (Look for
> "/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Resources/library"; for me it's in
> slot 2).
> Assume you want to install package foreach_1.3.0 (file foreach_1.3.0.tgz) then enter the following command in R.app
No c() is required for a single character string. And you normally
want to install into the first library tree, not into R's own tree,
but if you do want the latter it is simply lib=.Library.
> Repeat for other packages ( you can also set pkgs=c("pkg1.tgz", "pkg2.tgz",...) )
Or simply (untested)
install.packages(dir('.', pattern="tgz$"), repos=NULL)
> good luck
Brian D. Ripley, ripley at stats.ox.ac.uk
Professor of Applied Statistics, http://www.stats.ox.ac.uk/~ripley/
University of Oxford, Tel: +44 1865 272861 (self)
1 South Parks Road, +44 1865 272866 (PA)
Oxford OX1 3TG, UK Fax: +44 1865 272595
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