# [R-sig-Geo] Help needed with extraction of raster statistics by polygons

Tue Aug 25 17:35:22 CEST 2015

```Denys,
The GIS functions in R have great utility, but speed is an issue; extract()
in particular. So, if you make a 30m raster equivalent to the Grid30m but
with the cell numbers as the values, you can use extract just once to
determine which cells are to be extracted with each polygon. Then use
regular indexing to find the mean for the raster cells covered by each
polygon. This should be much faster.
Dominik

Dominik Schneider
o 303.735.6296 | c 518.956.3978

On Tue, Aug 25, 2015 at 9:26 AM, Denys Dukhovnov via R-sig-Geo <
r-sig-geo at r-project.org> wrote:

> Hello all!
>
> I need to spatially calculate 30-meter grid raster mean over US Census
> blocks in North East region (approx. 1.9 mln street blocks/polygons). I
> came up with the script that runs in parallel, but it still takes days to
> complete, even when the i7 CPU is used up to the max. My question: is there
> any other way to improve the processing speed given the set-up below (I
> included the backbone of the script to save space). I am new to R, so any
> help will be much appreciated. Thanks a lot!
>
> Regards,
> Denys
> ____________________________
>
> library(sp)
> library(rgdal)
> library(raster)
> library(foreach)
> library(spatial.tools)
>
> NEfips <- c(09, 10, 11, ....)       # list of state FIPS codes, whose
> street block polygons are to be processed
> ShapePath <- "T:\\..."              # path to block shapefiles
>
> sfQuickInit(cpus=8)                 # setting up and registering parallel
> processing back-end
>
> for (x in NEfips)     {
>     State <- paste("block_", x , sep="")
>     BlocksReproject <- spTransform(Blocks, crs(Grid30m))
>
>     GridMean <- foreach (i=1:length(BlocksReproject\$GEOID10),
> .combine='c', .packages="raster") %dopar% {        # Parallel processing
> loop for extracting mean raster value per street block polygon
>            extract(Grid30m, BlocksReproject[i], fun=mean)
>     }
>     write.table(...)    # Generating output containing the mean raster
> statistics for each block polygon.
> }
>
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>
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