# [R-sig-Geo] Mass conversions of Lat/Long to UTM (many zone)

Roger Bivand Roger.Bivand at nhh.no
Thu Aug 24 21:28:28 CEST 2006

```On Thu, 24 Aug 2006, Philippe Roy wrote:

> Hi everyone!  I'm new to R.  I'll try using it for some Kriging.  My aim
> in the short-term is to convert my 2300 stations database from lat-long
> to UTM.  This network of stations goes from Virginia to the south, to
> Montréal to the north, east coast to Michigan in the west.  So, I have a
> lot of UTM zones to consider.
>
>
>
> Reading the archives, I've seen this formula to calculate the zones,
> based on lat-long coordinates :
>
>
>
> UTM = floor((lon + 180) / 6) + 1
>
>
>
> So, if I understand correctly, I need to run this formula on each
> station to get their zone, abnd then I use something like convUL ?
>

If you want to use all the stations together, then they must be in the
same zone (otherwise the western edge of the zone will jump for stations
in different zones). I think that for continental North America a central
UTM zone will not be a very good idea, and that probably a Lambert
Azimuthal Equal Area is a better choice.

You can then use project() or spTransform() in the rgdal package, for
example, with EPSG code 2163:

US National Atlas Equal Area

+proj=laea +lat_0=45 +lon_0=-100 +x_0=0 +y_0=0 +a=6370997 +b=6370997 +units=m

with some modification of +lat_0 and +lon_0 to suit your region.

>
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--
Roger Bivand
Economic Geography Section, Department of Economics, Norwegian School of