[R-sig-Debian] R-4.0.0 and Texlive 2020 installed on EmmabuntusDE4 (Debian Bullseye)

Johannes Ranke joh@nne@@r@nke @end|ng |rom jrwb@de
Tue Apr 28 22:40:51 CEST 2020

Dear Patrice,

thanks for sharing your experience with Debian based distributions. It is 
amazing how many distros you tested!

In your situation I would recommend apt pinning for installing texlive 2020 
from Debian sid on Debian bullseye aka testing or related systems. Simply 
adding sid sources as you did will make your system upgrade to sid. It seems 
you partially upgraded some of your test systems to sid and were left with 
broken systems.

This will also apply to emmabunt� - if you just added the sid repository 
without editing /etc/apt/preferences, you will always pull packages from sid 
which may be ok for your use case, but you should be aware of it.

You would need to edit /etc/apt/preferences in order to tell apt to just use 
texlive from sid and the other packages from bullseye.

Regarding the command to add my key, this is actually there, but I believe it 
was too far down - I just moved the section on secure apt before the section 
on the different distributions. Thanks for the hint!

Regarding your attempt to use the backports for bullseye on CRAN for your 
Emmabunt�s system, chances are it would have worked if you would have used the 
command I am listing there (of course adding sudo):

  sudo apt install -t bullseye-cran40 r-base

instead of simply 

  sudo apt install r-base

However, now you have the newest devel version compiled from sources for 
checking your packages on Linux which is nice as well!

Kind regards,


Am Dienstag, 28. April 2020, 20:49:31 CEST schrieb Patrice Kiener:
> Dear all,
> I whish to relate my installation of R-4.0.0 on Debian.
> I am mainly a Windows user and occasionnaly verify the CRAN checks of my
> packages on a second laptop equipped with Linux Mint Debian Edition 3
> (LMDE3) based on Debian Stretch. On Friday, April 24, it took me a few
> hours to have R-4.0.0 installed on Windows and the sources compiled,
> thanks to the instructions provided by Jeroen Ooms:
>      https://cloud.r-project.org/bin/windows/Rtools/ + links
> I decided to repeat the exercise on Debian with a clean SSD disk, a
> recent Debian distribution, Texlive 2020 and R-4.0.0 to replace the
> obsolete LMDE3. The main difficulty was to find the appropriate
> distribution that accepts Texlive 2020. I downloaded and tested:
> - Debian Buster 10.3 (the current stable version with a few desktops:
> Gnome, KDE-Plasma, XFCE, LXDE, LXQt, Mosaic),
> - Netrunner (Debian Buster 10.3 + KDE),
> - Linux Mint LMDE4 (Debian Buster 10.3 + Cinnamon),
> - Emmabunt�s DE3 (Debian Buster 10.3 + XFCE),
> - Xubuntu (Ubuntu + XFCE),
> - Debian Bullseye (the testing version + LXQt),
> - Emmabunt�s DE4 alpha (Debian Bullseye + XFCE + LXQt) published on
> April 27 (yesterday),
> - Debian sid (the unstable version).
> - Once again in four years, I had many difficulties with the independant
> install-tl-unix.tar.gz (*.sh) program provided by Texlive and the final
> steps with the PATH update. The program was not found and tlmgr --gui
> did not reconnect to the CTAN repository. Once again, I gave up.
> - All distributions based on Buster 10.3 have Texlive 2018 in their
> repositories. In a few distributions, it is possible to write the sid
> (unstable) repository in the sources.list file:
>      deb http://deb.debian.org/debian/ sid main contrib
> Then, a sudo apt-get update and apt search Texlive gives access to
> Texlive 2020. Unfortunately, installing Texlive 2020 this way will
> suppress Libre Office and numerous libraries, a few of them being used
> by the display manager. This is a sure way to break the distribution at
> the next startup.
> - Debian Bullseye offers Texlive 2019 in its repository. Writing the sid
>   line in sources.list is again easy. But accessing it is much more
> difficult as Debian considers it unsecure, throws a warning message and
> requests some parameter change in another file (which is not clearly
> designated) to accept this repository. I kept it as a potential solution.
> - The installation of Debian sid follows other paths. It is a
> distribution meant for testing and chasing bugs, not for a permanent
> use. I did not insist.
> The great winner is Emmabunt�s DE4, which can be downloaded from here:
>      https://emmabuntus.org/emmabuntus-de4/
>      http://dl.emma-de4x64.emmabuntus.org/
> https://emmabuntus.org/on-april-27-2020-emmade4-debian-11-bullseye-is-rollin
> g-out-early/
> (Disclaimer: I do not have any ties with the development team. I
> discovered the distribution 10 days ago when searching for alternatives
> to Ubuntu and Mint. I tested first DE3 and discovered yesterday by
> surprise that DE4 was released.)
> With its predecessor DE3, they are very surprising distributions with a
> completely different philosophy than the most well-known distributions,
> like Ubuntu and Mint, on the number of preinstalled packages. They are
> meant for people who have recent 64 bits or old computers, including 32
> bits, a poor internet connection but a large usb key. A large audience
> is people in Africa, for instance Togo. When Ubuntu, Netrunner and Mint
> take 1.6 Go and offer limited software like Libre Office or Thunderbird,
> Emmabunt�s takes 3.3 Go and comes with more than 60 software for all
> usage, most of them being free and a few of them being non-free but
> ready to install like Adobe Flash for Firefox, Skype or TeamViewer 14
> (Jitsi is the recommended free solution). The menus are very long and
> ressemble a bazar in a colored environment.
> To ease the configuration, the security has been relaxed and adding the
> sid repository to the sources.list file does not generate any complain,
> as did the pure Debian distribution. I was then able to access and
> download the full Texlive 2020. Due to the short period between the
> releases of Texlive and DE4, no package needs update or removal. This is
> a much better situation than the one with Buster 10.3 (see above). The
> full Texlive 2020 is 3.3 Go when compressed during the transfer and 6.2
> Go after decompression on the disk. The download from the Debian
> repository is also much faster than from the CTAN repository: 15 minutes
> against 40' with my ADSL line. I completed the installation with
> Texworks, TexStudio and Texmaker, then commented the sid line in the
> sources.list file to revert to the standard Bullseye repositories.
> I then follow Johannes Ranke's instructions to install the R binaries:
>      https://cloud.r-project.org/bin/linux/debian/
> Johannes, you should add in the instructions the following line for your
> new key:
> sudo apt-key adv --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-keys
> FCAE2A0E115C3D8A
> The installation launched by sudo apt install r-base did not start as
> the package R-recommended-Bullseye-4.0.0-0 is currently blocked by
> Debian. On the other hand, the download from the svn.r-projet.org/R
> repository and the compilation of R-devel 4.1.0 source code went
> smoothly, as well the edition of the pdf manuals. I created a .Rprofile
> file and wrote a value for the site-library. Then, I was able to play
> with R. As mentionned by Jeroen, the compilation of the XML package
> requires extra-steps:
>      https://github.com/r-windows/docs/blob/master/packages.md#readme
> In conclusion, I skipped one version and have now R-4.1.0 and Texlive
> 2020 on a quasi-Debian machine. I am happy with the Emmabunt�s
> distribution and will keep it for long. It offers English, French,
> German, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese and Arabic languages. It features
> the XFCE and LXQt desktops which are perfect for a laptop. The numerous
> software creates some confusion or, better, some opportunities to
> discover new aspects of Linux. All in one, it is an interesting
> distribution.
> Thanks to everybody who made R-4.0.0 a reality.
> Patrice
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