[R-pkg-devel] SystemRequirements and .R/Makevars

Dirk Eddelbuettel edd at debian.org
Fri Jun 19 15:04:36 CEST 2015

Hi Ramon,

On 19 June 2015 at 12:01, Ramon Diaz-Uriarte wrote:
| Some of my packages use
| SystemRequirements: C++11
| in the DESCRIPTION. But then .R/Makevars seems to be ignored (e.g., flags
| such as -Wall or using clang) in all that concerns C++ (only CXX and
| CXXFLAGS are ignored, not CC or CFLAGS). So I keep commenting that line for
| normal development and uncommenting it for final checking before release.
| I vaguely remember reading somewhere this is the way things work, but this
| is not what I understand from reading again
| http://cran.r-project.org/doc/manuals/r-devel/R-exts.html#Using-C_002b_002b11-code.
| After googling I have not been able to locate anything, and since I guess
| it is probably common to use both C++11 and a custom .R/Makevars I think
| something is wrong somewhere in my setup. But I have no idea what. I am
| using Debian (a mix of testing and unstable), both with stock Debian R and
| with custom built Rs.

I settled pretty early on declaring this in src/Makevars only, partly for
historical reason (as it is where we always set compiler flags) and partly
because I found it to be consistent and reliabel.  Writing R Extensions
offers an alternate, I forget the details.

One tricky bit is that we now have several CXX* variables.  And because "code
is documentation" I often do the following to remind myself of CXX1X:

  edd at max:~$ grep ^CXX /etc/R/Makeconf 
  CXX = g++
  CXXCPP = $(CXX) -E
  CXXFLAGS = -g -O2 -fstack-protector-strong -Wformat -Werror=format-security -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -g $(LTO)
  CXX1X = g++
  CXX1XFLAGS = -g -O2 -fstack-protector-strong -Wformat -Werror=format-security -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -g
  CXX1XSTD =  -std=c++11
  edd at max:~$

I my most recent C++11-only package I did

  edd at max:~$ cat git/rcpptoml/src/Makevars 
  ## This is a C++11 package
  ## We need the header in inst/include, and a define
  PKG_CPPFLAGS = -I../inst/include/ -DCPPTOML_USE_MAP
  edd at max:~$

which regroups both the the compiler choice, an include directive and a
#define in one place.

Hope this helps, Dirk

http://dirk.eddelbuettel.com | @eddelbuettel | edd at debian.org

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