[R] aggregate formula - differing results
Iago Giné Vázquez
|@go@g|ne @end|ng |rom @jd@e@
Mon Sep 4 12:45:21 CEST 2023
It seems that the issue are the missings. If in #1 you use the dataset na.omit(my_data) instead of my_data, you get the same output that in #2 and in #4, where all observations with missing data are removed since you are including all the variables.
The second dataset has no issue since it has no missing data.
Iago
________________________________
De: R-help <r-help-bounces using r-project.org> de part de Ivan Calandra <ivan.calandra using leiza.de>
Enviat el: dilluns, 4 de setembre de 2023 11:44
Per a: R-help <r-help using r-project.org>
Tema: [R] aggregate formula - differing results
Dear useRs,
I have just stumbled across a behavior in aggregate() that I cannot
explain. Any help would be appreciated!
Sample data:
my_data <- structure(list(ID = c("FLINT-1", "FLINT-10", "FLINT-100",
"FLINT-101", "FLINT-102", "HORN-10", "HORN-100", "HORN-102", "HORN-103",
"HORN-104"), EdgeLength = c(130.75, 168.77, 142.79, 130.1, 140.41,
121.37, 70.52, 122.3, 71.01, 104.5), SurfaceArea = c(1736.87, 1571.83,
1656.46, 1247.18, 1177.47, 1169.26, 444.61, 1791.48, 461.15, 1127.2),
Length = c(44.384, 29.831, 43.869, 48.011, 54.109, 41.742, 23.854,
32.075, 21.337, 35.459), Width = c(45.982, 67.303, 52.679, 26.42,
25.149, 33.427, 20.683, 62.783, 26.417, 35.297), PLATWIDTH = c(38.84,
NA, 15.33, 30.37, 11.44, 14.88, 13.86, NA, NA, 26.71), PLATTHICK =
c(8.67, NA, 7.99, 11.69, 3.3, 16.52, 4.58, NA, NA, 9.35), EPA = c(78,
NA, 78, 54, 72, 49, 56, NA, NA, 56), THICKNESS = c(10.97, NA, 9.36, 6.4,
5.89, 11.05, 4.9, NA, NA, 10.08), WEIGHT = c(34.3, NA, 25.5, 18.6, 14.9,
29.5, 4.5, NA, NA, 23), RAWMAT = c("FLINT", "FLINT", "FLINT", "FLINT",
"FLINT", "HORNFELS", "HORNFELS", "HORNFELS", "HORNFELS", "HORNFELS")),
row.names = c(1L, 2L, 3L, 4L, 5L, 111L, 112L, 113L, 114L, 115L), class =
"data.frame")
1) Simple aggregation with 2 variables:
aggregate(cbind(Length, Width) ~ RAWMAT, data = my_data, FUN = mean,
na.rm = TRUE)
2) Using the dot notation - different results:
aggregate(. ~ RAWMAT, data = my_data[-1], FUN = mean, na.rm = TRUE)
3) Using dplyr, I get the same results as #1:
group_by(my_data, RAWMAT) %>%
summarise(across(c("Length", "Width"), ~ mean(.x, na.rm = TRUE)))
4) It gets weirder: using all columns in #1 give the same results as in
#2 but different from #1 and #3
aggregate(cbind(EdgeLength, SurfaceArea, Length, Width, PLATWIDTH,
PLATTHICK, EPA, THICKNESS, WEIGHT) ~ RAWMAT, data = my_data, FUN = mean,
na.rm = TRUE)
So it seems it is not only due to the notation (cbind() vs. dot). Is it
a bug? A peculiar thing in my dataset? I tend to think this could be due
to some variables (or their names) as all notations seem to agree when I
remove some variables (although I haven't found out which variable(s) is
(are) at fault), e.g.:
my_data2 <- structure(list(ID = c("FLINT-1", "FLINT-10", "FLINT-100",
"FLINT-101", "FLINT-102", "HORN-10", "HORN-100", "HORN-102", "HORN-103",
"HORN-104"), EdgeLength = c(130.75, 168.77, 142.79, 130.1, 140.41,
121.37, 70.52, 122.3, 71.01, 104.5), SurfaceArea = c(1736.87, 1571.83,
1656.46, 1247.18, 1177.47, 1169.26, 444.61, 1791.48, 461.15, 1127.2),
Length = c(44.384, 29.831, 43.869, 48.011, 54.109, 41.742, 23.854,
32.075, 21.337, 35.459), Width = c(45.982, 67.303, 52.679, 26.42,
25.149, 33.427, 20.683, 62.783, 26.417, 35.297), RAWMAT = c("FLINT",
"FLINT", "FLINT", "FLINT", "FLINT", "HORNFELS", "HORNFELS", "HORNFELS",
"HORNFELS", "HORNFELS")), row.names = c(1L, 2L, 3L, 4L, 5L, 111L, 112L,
113L, 114L, 115L), class = "data.frame")
aggregate(cbind(EdgeLength, SurfaceArea, Length, Width) ~ RAWMAT, data =
my_data2, FUN = mean, na.rm = TRUE)
aggregate(. ~ RAWMAT, data = my_data2[-1], FUN = mean, na.rm = TRUE)
group_by(my_data2, RAWMAT) %>%
summarise(across(where(is.numeric), ~ mean(.x, na.rm = TRUE)))
Thank you in advance for any hint.
Best wishes,
Ivan
*LEIBNIZ-ZENTRUM*
*F�R ARCH�OLOGIE*
*Dr. Ivan CALANDRA*
**Head of IMPALA (IMaging Platform At LeizA)
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