[R] unexpected 'else' in " else" (Ebert,Timothy Aaron)
Bert Gunter
bgunter@4567 @end|ng |rom gm@||@com
Mon Oct 24 18:30:53 CEST 2022
"...but 'same length and attributes (including dimensions and
‘"class"’) as ‘test’' looks wrong. The output seems to be `logical` or
something related to the classes of `yes` & `no`."
The documentation in fact says:
"A vector of the same length and attributes (including dimensions and
"class") as test and data values from the values of yes or no. **The
mode of the answer will be coerced from logical to accommodate first
any values taken from yes and then any values taken from no.**
So the values are taken from 'yes' and 'no' (with coercion if they are
of different classes), and the class of the result will presumably be
inferred from the mode of those values. e.g.
> z <- c(TRUE,TRUE,FALSE)
> class(z)
[1] "logical"
> w <- ifelse(z,5,'a')
> class(w)
[1] "character" ## note coercion
So it would appear that the ifelse() documentation needs to be
clarified. For example, if the above asterisked phrase were "The S3
*class* of the answer will be inferred from the mode, where the mode
of the answer will be coerced ..." that might resolve at least that
bit of confusion However, that might also be incorrect -- what about
S4 vs S3 vs Reference classes, for example (are such cases even
possible?)? I leave resolution of these matters -- or at least their
accurate and complete documentation -- to wiser heads.
Cheers,
Bert
On Mon, Oct 24, 2022 at 8:45 AM Jorgen Harmse via R-help
<r-help using r-project.org> wrote:
>
> There were several interesting points about `ifelse`. The usual behaviour seems to be that all three inputs are evaluated, and the entries of `yes` corresponding to `TRUE` in `test` are combined with the entries of `no` corresponding to `FALSE` in `test`. Moreover, `yes` & `no` seem to be recycled as necessary in case `test` is longer. On top of that, there seems to be some sugar that suppresses evaluations in case `all(test)` and/or `all(!test)`, and the return type can be `logical` even if `yes` & `no` are not. I agreed with the other responses already, but my experiments further confirmed that `ifelse` is not interchangeable with `if(....) .... else ....`.
>
>
>
> The documentation confirms most of this, but 'same length and attributes (including dimensions and ‘"class"’) as ‘test’' looks wrong. The output seems to be `logical` or something related to the classes of `yes` & `no`.
>
>
>
> Regards,
>
> Jorgen Harmse.
>
>
>
> > ifelse(FALSE, {cat("Evaluating the vector for 'if'.\n"); 1:3}, {cat("Evaluating the vector for 'else'.\n"); 0:4})
>
> Evaluating the vector for 'else'.
>
> [1] 0
>
> > ifelse(rep(FALSE,5L), {cat("Evaluating the vector for 'if'.\n"); 1:3}, {cat("Evaluating the vector for 'else'.\n"); 0:4})
>
> Evaluating the vector for 'else'.
>
> [1] 0 1 2 3 4
>
> > ifelse(rep(TRUE,3L), {cat("Evaluating the vector for 'if'.\n"); 1:3}, {cat("Evaluating the vector for 'else'.\n"); 0:4})
>
> Evaluating the vector for 'if'.
>
> [1] 1 2 3
>
> > ifelse(c(TRUE,TRUE,FALSE), {cat("Evaluating the vector for 'if'.\n"); 1:3}, {cat("Evaluating the vector for 'else'.\n"); 0:4})
>
> Evaluating the vector for 'if'.
>
> Evaluating the vector for 'else'.
>
> [1] 1 2 2
>
> > ifelse(c(TRUE,TRUE,FALSE,TRUE), {cat("Evaluating the vector for 'if'.\n"); 1:3}, {cat("Evaluating the vector for 'else'.\n"); 0:4})
>
> Evaluating the vector for 'if'.
>
> Evaluating the vector for 'else'.
>
> [1] 1 2 2 1
>
> > args(ifelse)
>
> function (test, yes, no)
>
> NULL
>
> > ifelse(c(TRUE,TRUE,FALSE,TRUE,TRUE,FALSE,TRUE), {cat("Evaluating the vector for 'if'.\n"); 1:3}, {cat("Evaluating the vector for 'else'.\n"); 0:4})
>
> Evaluating the vector for 'if'.
>
> Evaluating the vector for 'else'.
>
> [1] 1 2 2 1 2 0 1
>
> > ifelse(logical(0L), {cat("Evaluating the vector for 'if'.\n"); 1:3}, {cat("Evaluating the vector for 'else'.\n"); 0:4})
>
> logical(0)
>
> > ifelse(TRUE, integer(0L), numeric(0L))
>
> [1] NA
>
> > class(ifelse(TRUE, integer(0L), numeric(0L)))
>
> [1] "integer"
>
> > ifelse(integer(0L)) # test is an empty vector of integers and yes & no are missing.
>
> logical(0)
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
> [[alternative HTML version deleted]]
>
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