[R] Query regarding R 'irr' package 'N.cohen.kappa'
Kalaivani Mani
m@n|k@|@|v@n| @end|ng |rom gm@||@com
Thu Jun 16 11:42:31 CEST 2022
Dear R-help Team,
I am from India and have a query on 'N.cohen.kappa' Sample size
calculations for Cohen's Kappa Statistic. I have calculated manually the
sample size using the formula mentioned in "Cantor, A. B. (1996)
Sample-size calculation for Cohen’s kappa. Psychological Methods, 1, 150-
153". Later came to know that it can be done using the R 'irr' package. I
got a different number.
Let us consider the following two situations:
For situation 1, the sample size is 1370 using R
Testing H0: kappa = 0.81 vs. HA: kappa> 0.95 given that kappa = 0.95 and
both raters classify 1.5% of subjects as positive.
R command used is: N.cohen.kappa(0.015, 0.015, 0.95, 0.81, alpha=0.05,
power=0.8, twosided=FALSE ).
But for the same situation, the sample size is much higher by manual
calculation, which is 8580.
For situation 2, the sample size is 74 by using R and is matching with the
manual calculation too.
Testing H0: kappa = 0.81 vs. HA: kappa> 0.95 given that kappa = 0.95 and
rater1 classify 40% of subjects and rate2 classify 50% of subjects as
positive.
R command used is: N.cohen.kappa(0.40, 0.50, 0.95, 0.81, alpha=0.05,
power=0.8, twosided=FALSE ).
I am attaching both the 'Excel sheet formula-kappa sample size situation1 &
2').
Why is this so? Please help me to sort this out.
Looking forward to hearing from you.
Best,
Kalaivani
--
*Dr. Kalaivani Mani, *
*M.Sc., Biostatistics (CMC, Vellore), Ph.D. (AIIMS, Delhi)*
*Scientist-IV*
*Dept. of Biostatistics*
*All India Institute of Medical Sciences*
*New Delhi-110029, India.*
*Mobile:91-9717319082*
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