[R] mice: selecting small subset of variables to impute from dataset with many variables (> 2500)
@vi@e@gross m@iii@g oii gm@ii@com
@vi@e@gross m@iii@g oii gm@ii@com
Fri Jul 15 03:38:08 CEST 2022
Tim,
Your reply is reasonable if you want to read in EVERYTHING and use various
nice features of the select() function in the dplyr package of the tidyverse
that let you exclude a bunch of columns based on names starting or ending or
containing various characters or not being of type integer and so on.
But another category wants to skip creating some columns in the first place.
Many reader functions that take in data from something like a .CSV file will
allow you to effectively ignore some of the columns of data and thus
hopefully cut down on some overhead.
I assume most of us have no real experience with the package called "mice"
and who is willing to read to page 72 or so in this document:
https://cran.r-project.org/web/packages/mice/mice.pdf
Anywho, the mice() function this person wants to use has arguments meant to
control what is brought in and stored in whatever internal format as in not
taking some rows. A cursory glance suggests no way to suppress columns other
than not including them before calling the function as it does not read the
data from a file and expects either a data.frame or a matrix.
So your answer is valid. The questioner can use any method they wish to
adjust the initial data.frame and create a partial copy to use. If they want
a small subset of 2500+ columns (and who wouldn't) then it may be easiest to
simply name them in base R or select as in:
New.df <- Old.df(, c("col36", "col89", "hike"))
On the other hand, if they merely want to exclude lots of columns that have
something in common, yes, select() allows things like:
New.df <- Select(Old.df, -ends_with(c("extra", "comment"))
The tidyverse keeps being rewritten so some new ways may be replacing old,
but there are variants like select_if() that allow arbitrary functions to
decide what columns to include/exclude such as based on what type they
contain
So the key is to trick before calling the function but leave in everything
needed.
Only the one asking the question knows what all the columns mean and what
rhyme or reasons decides which to keep or exclude. A more specific question
may get a more specific answer.
-----Original Message-----
From: R-help <r-help-bounces using r-project.org> On Behalf Of Ebert,Timothy Aaron
Sent: Thursday, July 14, 2022 2:12 PM
To: Bert Gunter <bgunter.4567 using gmail.com>; Ian McPhail <ivmcphail using gmail.com>
Cc: R-help <r-help using r-project.org>
Subject: Re: [R] mice: selecting small subset of variables to impute from
dataset with many variables (> 2500)
Maybe this is too simple but could you use the select() function from dplyr?
Tim
-----Original Message-----
From: R-help <r-help-bounces using r-project.org> On Behalf Of Bert Gunter
Sent: Thursday, July 14, 2022 2:10 PM
To: Ian McPhail <ivmcphail using gmail.com>
Cc: R-help <r-help using r-project.org>
Subject: Re: [R] mice: selecting small subset of variables to impute from
dataset with many variables (> 2500)
[External Email]
If I understand your query correctly, you can use negative indexing to omit
variables. See ?'[' for details.
> dat <- data.frame (a = 1:3, b = letters[1:3], c = 4:6, d =
> letters[5:7]) dat
a b c d
1 1 a 4 e
2 2 b 5 f
3 3 c 6 g
> dat[,-c(2,4)]
a c
1 1 4
2 2 5
3 3 6
Of course you have to know the numerical index of the columns you wish to
omit, but somethingh of the sort seems unavoidable in any case.
Cheers,
Bert
On Thu, Jul 14, 2022 at 11:00 AM Ian McPhail <ivmcphail using gmail.com> wrote:
>
> Hello,
>
> I am looking for some advice on how to select subsets of variables for
> imputing when using the mice package.
>
> From Van Buuren's original mice paper, I see that selecting variables
> to be 'skipped' in an imputation can be written as:
>
> ini <- mice(nhanes2, maxit = 0, print = FALSE) pred <- ini$pred pred[,
> "bmi"] <- 0 meth <- ini$meth meth["bmi"] <- ""
>
> With the last two lines specifying the the "bmi" variable gets skipped
> over and not imputed.
>
> And I have come across other examples, but all that I have seen lay
> out a method of skipping variables where EVERY variable is named (as
> "bmi" is named above). I am wondering if there is a reasonably easy
> way to select out approximately 30 variables for imputation from a
> larger dataset with around 2500 variables, without having to name all
2450+ other variables.
>
> Thank you,
>
> Ian
>
> [[alternative HTML version deleted]]
>
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