# [R] [External] replacing a value

ani jaya g@@@uu| @end|ng |rom gm@||@com
Wed Apr 6 06:58:27 CEST 2022

```Dear All,

I will remain sipping the seawater until it changes its taste if this
community does not exist.
Thank you.

> print(a,digit=18)
[1] 19.999999999999982 19.999999999999982 14.237564602994826
19.999999999999940 19.999999999999982
[6] 19.999999999999982 16.309207867721351 19.999999999999982
19.999999999999982 19.999999999999982
[11] 19.999999999999982 19.999999999999982 19.999999999999982
19.999999999999982 19.999999999999982
[16] 14.859093240879485 16.178935255298033 19.999999999999982
19.999999999999982 20.000000000000028
[21] 19.999999999999982 27.640407788607870 19.999999999999982
19.999999999999982 19.999999999999982
[26] 19.999999999999982 19.999999999999982 21.985706303744429
19.999999999999982 19.999999999999982
[31] 20.000000000000028 19.999999999999982

Best,
Ani

On Wed, Apr 6, 2022 at 1:47 PM Richard M. Heiberger <rmh using temple.edu> wrote:
>
> I believe you are not remembering that floating point numbers are not
> exactly represented in decimal.
> See FAQ 7.31
>
> Here I have rounded a[4] to 12 places before comparing to 20.
> The you get the answer you are looking for.
>
> > a <- c(20, 20, 14.2375646029948, 19.9999999999999, 20, 20, 16.3092078677214,
> + 20, 20, 20, 20, 20, 20, 20, 20, 14.8590932408795, 16.178935255298,
> + 20, 20, 20, 20, 27.6404077886079, 20, 20, 20, 20, 20, 21.9857063037444,
> + 20, 20, 20, 20)
> > a[1:6]
> [1] 20.00000 20.00000 14.23756 20.00000 20.00000 20.00000
> > print(a[1:6], digits=17)
> [1] 20.000000000000000 20.000000000000000 14.237564602994800 19.999999999999901 20.000000000000000 20.000000000000000
> > a[1:6] == 20
> [1]  TRUE  TRUE FALSE FALSE  TRUE  TRUE
> > a[1:6] - 20
> [1]  0.000000e+00  0.000000e+00 -5.762435e+00 -9.947598e-14  0.000000e+00  0.000000e+00
> > a[4] == 20
> [1] FALSE
> > round(a[1:6], digits=14) - 20
> [1]  0.000000e+00  0.000000e+00 -5.762435e+00 -9.947598e-14  0.000000e+00  0.000000e+00
> > round(a[1:6], digits=13) - 20
> [1]  0.000000e+00  0.000000e+00 -5.762435e+00 -9.947598e-14  0.000000e+00  0.000000e+00
> > round(a[1:6], digits=12) - 20
> [1]  0.000000  0.000000 -5.762435  0.000000  0.000000  0.000000
> > b <- a[1:6]
> > b[round(b,digits=12) == 20] <- 0
> > b
> [1]  0.00000  0.00000 14.23756  0.00000  0.00000  0.00000
> >
>
> > On Apr 06, 2022, at 00:18, ani jaya <gaaauul using gmail.com> wrote:
> >
> >>> c(20, 20, 14.2375646029948, 19.9999999999999, 20, 20, 16.3092078677214,
> >>> 20, 20, 20, 20, 20, 20, 20, 20, 14.8590932408795, 16.178935255298,
> >>> 20, 20, 20, 20, 27.6404077886079, 20, 20, 20, 20, 20, 21.9857063037444,
> >>> 20, 20, 20, 20)
>

```