[R] add cex.axis =1.2 to qqunif.plot from lattice library

Yuan Chun Ding ycd|ng @end|ng |rom coh@org
Sat Mar 27 22:26:53 CET 2021

Dear R user,

The following qqunit.plot function generated correct qq plot, however, I want to make axis label (1 ,2 ,.....8) have larger size for publication.  I tried to add cex.axis =1.2 code following the pch =20, but it does not change size of axis label. I guess lattice library setting  is different from standard R graphics setting.

Also I want to add a title on the top of plot, like main = " association" etc.

I am not familiar with lattice graphics at all. Can any one help me?

Thank you,

# the first function to generate QQ plots

                      should.thin=T, thin.obs.places=2, thin.exp.places=2,
                      xlab=expression(paste("Expected (",-log[10], " p-value)")),
                      ylab=expression(paste("Observed (",-log[10], " p-value)")),
                      draw.conf=TRUE, conf.points=1000, conf.col="gray", conf.alpha=.05,
                      already.transformed=FALSE, pch=20, aspect="iso", prepanel=prepanel.qqunif,
                      par.settings=list(superpose.symbol=list(pch=pch)), ...) {

  #error checking
  if (length(pvalues)==0) stop("pvalue vector is empty, can't draw plot")
  if(!(class(pvalues)=="numeric" ||
       (class(pvalues)=="list" && all(sapply(pvalues, class)=="numeric"))))
    stop("pvalue vector is not numeric, can't draw plot")
  if (any(is.na(unlist(pvalues)))) stop("pvalue vector contains NA values, can't draw plot")
  if (already.transformed==FALSE) {
    if (any(unlist(pvalues)==0)) stop("pvalue vector contains zeros, can't draw plot")
  } else {
    if (any(unlist(pvalues)<0)) stop("-log10 pvalue vector contains negative values, can't draw plot")

  if(is.list(pvalues)) {
    nn<-sapply(pvalues, length)
    if (!is.null(names(pvalues))) {
      grp=factor(rep(names(pvalues), nn), levels=names(pvalues))
    } else {
      grp=factor(rep(1:length(pvalues), nn))
    for(i in 1:length(pvo)) {
      if (!already.transformed) {
        pvalues[rs[i]:re[i]] <- -log10(pvo[[i]])
        exp.x[rs[i]:re[i]] <- -log10((rank(pvo[[i]], ties.method="first")-.5)/nn[i])
      } else {
        pvalues[rs[i]:re[i]] <- pvo[[i]]
        exp.x[rs[i]:re[i]] <- -log10((nn[i]+1-rank(pvo[[i]], ties.method="first")-.5)/(nn[i]+1))
  } else {
    n <- length(pvalues)+1
    if (!already.transformed) {
      exp.x <- -log10((rank(pvalues, ties.method="first")-.5)/n)
      pvalues <- -log10(pvalues)
    } else {
      exp.x <- -log10((n-rank(pvalues, ties.method="first")-.5)/n)

  #this is a helper function to draw the confidence interval
  panel.qqconf<-function(n, conf.points=1000, conf.col="gray", conf.alpha=.05, ...) {
    conf.points = min(conf.points, n-1);
    mpts<-matrix(nrow=conf.points*2, ncol=2)
    for(i in seq(from=1, to=conf.points)) {
      mpts[i,1]<- -log10((i-.5)/n)
      mpts[i,2]<- -log10(qbeta(1-conf.alpha/2, i, n-i))
      mpts[conf.points*2+1-i,1]<- -log10((i-.5)/n)
      mpts[conf.points*2+1-i,2]<- -log10(qbeta(conf.alpha/2, i, n-i))
    grid.polygon(x=mpts[,1],y=mpts[,2], gp=gpar(fill=conf.col, lty=0), default.units="native")

  #reduce number of points to plot
  if (should.thin==T) {
    if (!is.null(grp)) {
      thin <- unique(data.frame(pvalues = round(pvalues, thin.obs.places),
                                exp.x = round(exp.x, thin.exp.places),
      grp = thin$grp
    } else {
      thin <- unique(data.frame(pvalues = round(pvalues, thin.obs.places),
                                exp.x = round(exp.x, thin.exp.places)))
    pvalues <- thin$pvalues
    exp.x <- thin$exp.x

  prepanel.qqunif= function(x,y,...) {
    A = list()
    A$xlim = range(x, y)*1.02
    A$ylim = A$xlim

  #draw the plot
  xyplot(pvalues~exp.x, groups=grp, xlab=xlab, ylab=ylab, aspect=aspect,
         prepanel=prepanel, scales=list(axs="i"), pch=pch,
         panel = function(x, y, ...) {
           if (draw.conf) {
             panel.qqconf(n, conf.points=conf.points,
                          conf.col=conf.col, conf.alpha=conf.alpha)
           panel.xyplot(x,y, ...);
         }, par.settings=par.settings, ...


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