# [R] How to predict/interpolate new Y given knwon Xs and Ys?

Luigi Marongiu m@rong|u@|u|g| @end|ng |rom gm@||@com
Wed Jan 27 11:46:40 CET 2021

```That is right, I removed the points above 39, and also got 16.60964,
which looks good to me. Splines is good and I will use it for
non-linear interpolation. For now I used linear conversion to keep it
simple but looks to me it is getting out of hand. I simply need to do
the following interpolation:
```
Y <-c(1.301030,  1.602060,  1.903090,  2.204120,  2.505150,  2.806180,
# log transformation of the original data
3.107210,  3.408240,  3.709270,
4.010300,  4.311330,  4.612360,  4.913390,  5.214420,  5.515450,
5.816480,  6.117510,  6.418540,
6.719570,  7.020599,  7.321629,  7.622658,  7.923686,  8.224713,
8.525735,  8.826751,  9.127752,
9.428723,  9.729637, 10.030434, 10.330998, 10.631096, 10.930265,
11.227580, 11.521213, 11.807577,
12.079787, 12.325217, 12.523074, 12.647915, 12.693594, 12.698904,
12.698970, 12.698970, 12.698970)
X <- 1:45
plot(Y~X)
points(16.60964, 6, pch=16)
segments(0, 6, 16.60964, 6)
arrows(16.60964, 6, 16.60964, 1)
# given Y find X
```
How shall I use predict then? The use of other packages when predict
can do it would be overkill...
Thank you

On Wed, Jan 27, 2021 at 11:32 AM Abby Spurdle <spurdle.a using gmail.com> wrote:
>
> I got 16.60964.
> Your curve is not linear up to the 39th point.
> And as your points appear to be deterministic and nonlinear, splines
> are likely to be easier to use.
>
> Here's a base-only solution (if you don't like my kubik suggestion):
>
> g <- splinefun (X, Y)
> f <- function (x) g (x) - 6
> uniroot (f, c (1, 45) )\$root
>
>
> On Wed, Jan 27, 2021 at 10:30 PM Luigi Marongiu
> <marongiu.luigi using gmail.com> wrote:
> >
> > Dear Jeff,
> > I am not sure if I understood the procedure properly but it looks like it works:
> > ```
> > Y <-c(1.301030,  1.602060,  1.903090,  2.204120,  2.505150,  2.806180,
> >  3.107210,  3.408240,  3.709270,
> > 4.010300,  4.311330,  4.612360,  4.913390,  5.214420,  5.515450,
> > 5.816480,  6.117510,  6.418540,
> > 6.719570,  7.020599,  7.321629,  7.622658,  7.923686,  8.224713,
> > 8.525735,  8.826751,  9.127752,
> > 9.428723,  9.729637, 10.030434, 10.330998, 10.631096, 10.930265,
> > 11.227580, 11.521213, 11.807577,
> > 12.079787, 12.325217, 12.523074, 12.647915, 12.693594, 12.698904,
> > 12.698970, 12.698970, 12.698970)
> > X <- 1:45
> > plot(Y~X)
> > raw_value <- predict(lm(X[1:39]~Y[1:39]), newdata = data.frame(Y=6))
> > x <- unname(raw_value[!is.na(raw_value)]) # x= 16.62995
> > points(x, 6, pch = 16)
> > ```
> > Here I used the points 1:39 because afterward there is a bend. But I
> > am not clear why I need to use `lm(X~Y),` instead of `lm(Y~X)`.
> > Thank you
> >
> > On Tue, Jan 26, 2021 at 10:20 AM Jeff Newmiller
> > <jdnewmil using dcn.davis.ca.us> wrote:
> > >
> > > model2 <- lm( x~y )
> > > predict(model2, data.frame(y=26))
> > >
> > > model2 is however not the inverse of model... if you need that then you need to handle that some other way than using predict, such as an invertible monotonic spline (or in this case a little algebra).
> > >
> > > On January 26, 2021 1:11:39 AM PST, Luigi Marongiu <marongiu.luigi using gmail.com> wrote:
> > > >Hello,
> > > >I have a series of x/y and a model. I can interpolate a new value of x
> > > >using this model, but I get funny results if I give the y and look for
> > > >the correspondent x:
> > > >```
> > > >> x = 1:10
> > > >> y = 2*x+15
> > > >> model <- lm(y~x)
> > > >> predict(model, data.frame(x=7.5))
> > > > 1
> > > >30
> > > >> predict(model, data.frame(y=26))
> > > > 1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 10
> > > >17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 33 35
> > > >Warning message:
> > > >'newdata' had 1 row but variables found have 10 rows
> > > >> data.frame(x=7.5)
> > > >    x
> > > >1 7.5
> > > >> data.frame(y=26)
> > > >   y
> > > >1 26
> > > >```
> > > >what is the correct syntax?
> > > >Thank you
> > > >Luigi
> > > >
> > > >______________________________________________
> > > >R-help using r-project.org mailing list -- To UNSUBSCRIBE and more, see
> > > >https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help
> > > >http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html
> > > >and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code.
> > >
> > > --
> > > Sent from my phone. Please excuse my brevity.
> >
> >
> >
> > --
> > Best regards,
> > Luigi
> >
> > ______________________________________________
> > R-help using r-project.org mailing list -- To UNSUBSCRIBE and more, see
> > https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help