# [R] Speed up studentized confidence intervals ?

Fox, John j|ox @end|ng |rom mcm@@ter@c@
Thu Dec 30 05:25:09 CET 2021

```Dear varin sacha,

You didn't correctly adapt the code to the median. The outer call to mean() in the last line shouldn't be replaced with median() -- it computes the proportion of intervals that include the population median.

As well, you can't rely on the asymptotics of the bootstrap for a nonlinear statistic like the median with an n as small as 5, as your example, properly implemented (and with the code slightly cleaned up), illustrates:

> library(boot)
> set.seed(123)
> s <- rgamma(n=100000, shape=2, rate=5)
> (m <- median(s))
 0.3364465
> N <- 1000
> n <- 5
> set.seed(321)
> out <- replicate(N, {
+   dat <- data.frame(sample(s, size=n))
+   med <- function(d, i) {
+     median(d[i, ])
+   }
+   boot.out <- boot(data = dat, statistic = med, R = 10000)
+   boot.ci(boot.out, type = "bca")\$bca[, 4:5]
+ })
> #coverage probability
> mean(out[1, ] < m & m < out[2, ])
 0.758

You do get the expected coverage, however, for a larger sample, here with n = 100:

> N <- 1000
> n <- 100
> set.seed(321)
> out <- replicate(N, {
+   dat <- data.frame(sample(s, size=n))
+   med <- function(d, i) {
+     median(d[i, ])
+   }
+   boot.out <- boot(data = dat, statistic = med, R = 10000)
+   boot.ci(boot.out, type = "bca")\$bca[, 4:5]
+ })
> #coverage probability
> mean(out[1, ] < m & m < out[2, ])
 0.952

I hope this helps,
John

--
John Fox, Professor Emeritus
McMaster University
Web: http://socserv.mcmaster.ca/jfox/

﻿On 2021-12-29, 2:09 PM, "R-help on behalf of varin sacha via R-help" <r-help-bounces using r-project.org on behalf of r-help using r-project.org> wrote:

Dear David,
Dear Rui,

Many thanks for your response. It perfectly works for the mean. Now I have a problem with my R code for the median. Because I always get 1 (100%) coverage probability that is more than very strange. Indeed, considering that an interval whose lower limit is the smallest value in the sample and whose upper limit is the largest value has 1/32 + 1/32 = 1/16 probability of non-coverage, implying that the confidence of such an interval is 15/16 rather than 1 (100%), I suspect that the confidence interval I use for the median is not correctly defined for n=5 observations, and likely contains all observations in the sample ? What is wrong with my R code ?

########################################
library(boot)

s=rgamma(n=100000,shape=2,rate=5)
median(s)

N <- 100
out <- replicate(N, {
a<- sample(s,size=5)
median(a)

dat<-data.frame(a)
med<-function(d,i) {
temp<-d[i,]
median(temp)
}

boot.out <- boot(data = dat, statistic = med, R = 10000)
boot.ci(boot.out, type = "bca")\$bca[, 4:5]
})

#coverage probability
median(out[1, ] < median(s) & median(s) < out[2, ])
########################################

Le jeudi 23 décembre 2021, 14:10:36 UTC+1, Rui Barradas <ruipbarradas using sapo.pt> a écrit :

Hello,

The code is running very slowly because you are recreating the function
in the replicate() loop and because you are creating a data.frame also
in the loop.

And because in the bootstrap statistic function med() you are computing
the variance of yet another loop. This is probably statistically wrong
but like David says, without a problem description it's hard to say.

Also, why compute variances if they are never used?

Here is complete code executing in much less than 2:00 hours. Note that
it passes the vector a directly to med(), not a df with just one column.

library(boot)

set.seed(2021)
s <- sample(178:798, 100000, replace = TRUE)
mean(s)

med <- function(d, i) {
temp <- d[i]
f <- mean(temp)
g <- var(temp)
c(Mean = f, Var = g)
}

N <- 1000
out <- replicate(N, {
a <- sample(s, size = 5)
boot.out <- boot(data = a, statistic = med, R = 10000)
boot.ci(boot.out, type = "stud")\$stud[, 4:5]
})
mean(out[1, ] < mean(s) & mean(s) < out[2, ])
# 0.952

Hope this helps,

Às 11:45 de 19/12/21, varin sacha via R-help escreveu:
> Dear R-experts,
>
> Here below my R code working but really really slowly ! I need 2 hours with my computer to finally get an answer ! Is there a way to improve my R code to speed it up ? At least to win 1 hour ;=)
>
> Many thanks
>
> ########################################################
> library(boot)
>
> s<- sample(178:798, 100000, replace=TRUE)
> mean(s)
>
> N <- 1000
> out <- replicate(N, {
> a<- sample(s,size=5)
> mean(a)
> dat<-data.frame(a)
>
> med<-function(d,i) {
> temp<-d[i,]
> f<-mean(temp)
> g<-var(replicate(50,mean(sample(temp,replace=T))))
> return(c(f,g))
>
> }
>
>    boot.out <- boot(data = dat, statistic = med, R = 10000)
>    boot.ci(boot.out, type = "stud")\$stud[, 4:5]
> })
> mean(out[1,] < mean(s) & mean(s) < out[2,])
> ########################################################
>
> ______________________________________________
> R-help using r-project.org mailing list -- To UNSUBSCRIBE and more, see
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>

______________________________________________
R-help using r-project.org mailing list -- To UNSUBSCRIBE and more, see
https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help
PLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html
and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code.

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