[R] Calculating angle of a polyline
Eric Berger
ericjberger at gmail.com
Tue Jan 30 16:09:31 CET 2018
Assuming your polyline is defined by two vectors, one for the x
coordinates, one for the y coordinates, you can try the following
library(NISTunits)
polyangles <- function(xV,yV) {
stopifnot( (length(xV)==length(yV)) && (length(xV) >= 3))
v <- function(i) { c( xV[i]-xV[i-1], yV[i]-yV[i-1])}
vlen <- function(v) { sqrt(sum(v*v)) }
lV <- rep(NA_real_,length(xV))
for ( i in 2:(length(xV)-1) )
lV[i] <- acos( sum(v(i)*v(i+1))/(vlen(v(i))*vlen(v(i+1))) )
angleV <- NISTunits::NISTradianTOdeg(lV)
angleV
}
# example
x <- c(0:3)
y <- c(0,0,1,1)
polyangles( x, y )
# NA 45.0 45.0 NA
Note, I have included the NA's at the beginning and end of the polyline as
a reminder that there is no angle defined there.
HTH,
Eric
On Tue, Jan 30, 2018 at 4:34 PM, Jeff Newmiller <jdnewmil at dcn.davis.ca.us>
wrote:
> A polyline by definition has many angles, so your question is ill-formed.
> And this is a question about math, not R, so is off topic here. I suggest
> reading Wikipedia.
> --
> Sent from my phone. Please excuse my brevity.
>
> On January 29, 2018 11:10:02 PM PST, javad bayat <j.bayat194 at gmail.com>
> wrote:
> >Dear R users
> >I am trying to find a formula to calculate the angle of a polyline. Is
> >there a way to do this?
> >Many thanks.
>
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