[R] weighted average grouped by variables

Massimo Bressan massimo.bressan at arpa.veneto.it
Thu Nov 9 14:16:33 CET 2017


an update about my question: I worked out the following solution (with the package "dplyr") 


mutate(speed_vehicles=n_vehicles*mydf$speed) %>% 
group_by(date_time,type) %>% 

In fact I was hoping to manage everything in a "one-go": i.e. without the need to create the "intermediate" variable called "speed_vehicles" and with the use of the function weighted.mean() 

any hints for a different approach much appreciated 


Da: "Massimo Bressan" <massimo.bressan at arpa.veneto.it> 
A: "r-help" <r-help at r-project.org> 
Inviato: Giovedì, 9 novembre 2017 12:20:52 
Oggetto: weighted average grouped by variables 

hi all 

I have this dataframe (created as a reproducible example) 

mydf<-structure(list(date_time = structure(c(1508238000, 1508238000, 1508238000, 1508238000, 1508238000, 1508238000, 1508238000), class = c("POSIXct", "POSIXt"), tzone = ""), 
direction = structure(c(1L, 1L, 1L, 1L, 2L, 2L, 2L), .Label = c("A", "B"), class = "factor"), 
type = structure(c(1L, 2L, 3L, 4L, 1L, 2L, 3L), .Label = c("car", "light_duty", "heavy_duty", "motorcycle"), class = "factor"), 
avg_speed = c(41.1029082774049, 40.3333333333333, 40.3157894736842, 36.0869565217391, 33.4065155807365, 37.6222222222222, 35.5), 
n_vehicles = c(447L, 24L, 19L, 23L, 706L, 45L, 26L)), 
.Names = c("date_time", "direction", "type", "speed", "n_vehicles"), 
row.names = c(NA, -7L), 
class = "data.frame") 


and I need to get to this final result 

mydf_final<-structure(list(date_time = structure(c(1508238000, 1508238000, 1508238000, 1508238000), class = c("POSIXct", "POSIXt"), tzone = ""), 
type = structure(c(1L, 2L, 3L, 4L), .Label = c("car", "light_duty", "heavy_duty", "motorcycle"), class = "factor"), 
weighted_avg_speed = c(36.39029, 38.56521, 37.53333, 36.08696), 
n_vehicles = c(1153L,69L,45L,23L)), 
.Names = c("date_time", "type", "weighted_avg_speed", "n_vehicles"), 
row.names = c(NA, -4L), 
class = "data.frame") 


my question: 
how to compute a weighted mean i.e. "weighted_avg_speed" 
from "speed" (the values whose weighted mean is to be computed) and "n_vehicles" (the weights) 
grouped by "date_time" and "type"? 

to be noted the complication of the case "motorcycle" (not present in both directions) 

any help for that? 

thank you 



Massimo Bressan 

Agenzia Regionale per la Prevenzione e 
Protezione Ambientale del Veneto 

Dipartimento Provinciale di Treviso 
Via Santa Barbara, 5/a 
31100 Treviso, Italy 

tel: +39 0422 558545 
fax: +39 0422 558516 
e-mail: massimo.bressan at arpa.veneto.it 

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