[R] Thanks and further question

peter dalgaard pdalgd at gmail.com
Sun Jan 3 22:15:45 CET 2016

Please keep on-list (cc'ed), for various good reasons. Comments inline.


> On 03 Jan 2016, at 22:02 , Muhammad Kashif <mkashif at uaf.edu.pk> wrote:
> Dear Peter dalgarrd 
> Thanks and i really appreciate your answer. Actually i am new in r programming. using your answer i run the following code which generate the results
> gama=1.0
> beta=1.3
> x<-rgbs(n,gama,beta)
> ll.wd<-function(theta,x){
>   n<-length(x)
>   gama<-theta[1]
>   beta<-theta[2]
>   sum(-dgbs(x, gama, beta,log = TRUE))}
> out.wd<-optim(theta<-c(gama,beta),ll.wd,x=x,method = "Nelder-Mead",hessian=FALSE)
> gamhat<-out.wd$par[1]
> betahat<-out.wd$par[2]
> gamhat
> betahat
> Can you help me to solve the issue. if i am correct 
> this code minimized the loglikelihood function of gbs using Nelder-Mead method. 

the negative log likelihood, yes (i.e. maximizes the likelihood). Assuming that it converged, of course.

> if yes then further if i wanted to simulate this (say 2000) time and for every simulation i wanted the value of estimated parameter (gamhat and betahat). then what i do 

My standard idiom for that sort of thing is

res <- replicate(2000, {
  optim(c(gama,beta), ll.wd, x=x, 
      method = "Nelder-Mead",hessian=FALSE)$par

which should give you a 2x2000 matrix with each column containing the parameter estimates for a simulation.

> Please help me in this regard i am very thankful to you. 

Peter Dalgaard, Professor,
Center for Statistics, Copenhagen Business School
Solbjerg Plads 3, 2000 Frederiksberg, Denmark
Phone: (+45)38153501
Office: A 4.23
Email: pd.mes at cbs.dk  Priv: PDalgd at gmail.com

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