[R] some question about vector[-NULL]
PO SU
rhelpmaillist at 163.com
Wed Sep 10 18:08:17 CEST 2014
May be i could add a extra elment to B,that's:
F<-function( C ) {
C<-C[-A]
some processing...
res<-NULL or some new index not included in A
return(res)
}
so in a loop,
C<-c(B,1)
tmpindex<-length(C)
A<-tmpindex
for( i in 1:100000) {
D<-F(C)
A<-c(A,D)
}
--
PO SU
mail: desolator88 at 163.com
Majored in Statistics from SJTU
At 2014-09-10 11:53:01, "PO SU" <rhelpmaillist at 163.com> wrote:
>
>Tks for your
>
>a <- list(ress = 1, res = NULL)
>And in my second question, let me explain it :
>Actually i have two vectors in global enviroment, called A and B .A is initialized to NULL which used to record some index in B.
>Then i would run a function F, and each time, i would get a index value or NULL. that's, D<-F(B). D would be NULL or some index position in B.
>But in the function F, though input is B, i would exclude the index value from B recorded in A. That's :
>F<-function( B ) {
>B<-B[-A]
>some processing...
>res<-NULL or some new index not included in A
>return(res)
>}
>so in a loop,
>A<-NULL
>for( i in 1:100000) {
>D<-F(B)
>A<-c(A,D)
>}
>I never know whether D is a NULL or a different index compared with indexes already recorded in A.
>Actually, A<-c(A,D) work well, i never worry about whether D is NULL or a real index, but in the function F, B<-B[-A] won't work.
>so i hope that, e.g.
>a<-1:3
>a[-NULL] wouldn't trigger an error but return a.
>Because, if i wrote function like the following:
>
>F<-function( B ) {
>if( is.null(A))
>B<-B
>else
>B<-B[-A]
>some processing...
>res<-NULL or some new index not included in A
>return(res)
>}
>May be after 5 or 10 loops, A would already not NULL, so the added if ..else statement would be repeated in left 9999 loops which i would not like to see.
>
>
>
>
>
>--
>
>PO SU
>mail: desolator88 at 163.com
>Majored in Statistics from SJTU
>
>
>
>At 2014-09-10 06:45:59, "Duncan Murdoch" <murdoch.duncan at gmail.com> wrote:
>>On 10/09/2014, 3:21 AM, PO SU wrote:
>>>
>>> Dear expeRts,
>>> I have some programming questions about NULL in R.There are listed as follows:
>>> 1. I find i can't let a list have a element NULL:
>>> a<-list()
>>> a$ress<-1
>>> a$res<-NULL
>>> a
>>> str(a)
>>
>>You can do it using
>>
>>a <- list(ress = 1, res = NULL)
>>
>>> How can i know i have a named element but it is NULL, not just get a$xxxx,a$iiii,a$oooo there all get NULL
>>
>>That's a little harder. There are a few ways:
>>
>>"res" %in% names(a) & is.null(a[["res"]])
>>
>>or
>>
>>identical(a["res"], list(res = NULL))
>>
>>or
>>
>>is.null(a[[2]])
>>
>>should all work.
>>
>>Generally because of the special handling needed, it's a bad idea to try
>>to store NULL in a list.
>>
>>> 2.The most important thing:
>>> a<-1:10
>>> b<-NULL or 1
>>> a<-c(a,b) will work so i don't need to know whether b is null or not,but:
>>> a[-NULL] can't work!! i just need a[-NULL]==a , how can i reach this purpose?
>>
>>Using !, and a logical test, e.g.
>>
>>a[!nullentry(a)]
>>
>>where nullentry() is a function based on one of the tests above, but
>>applied to all entries.
>>
>>Duncan Murdoch
>>
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