[R] Determination lag order - problem with daily data and AR / ARIMA

serena1234 fuhrmann.eva at web.de
Mon Jun 16 15:49:27 CEST 2014

I am trying to determine a lag order for my data with the help of AIC and/
or BIC in order to conduct further tests. It is about prices measured at a
daily frequency (weekends and holidays excluded).  

1) My first approach was to approximate the process with an AR model using
the function ar(x, ...) and a loop to try several lags and then determine
the AIC and BIC values for each lag to determine the lowest one. However,
when I try to use the BIC function or the AIC, setting k = log(length(time
series)), it does not work. The error says that the model is of the class ar
and AIC cannot work with that. 
[This is not the loop, but just the general problem when inserting an ar
model into AIC]
 > model=ar(price, aic = FALSE, method="ols") 
> AIC(model, k = 2) Error in UseMethod("logLik") :   
no applicable method for 'logLik' applied to an object of class "ar" 
> AIC(model, k = log(length(price_G))) Error in UseMethod("logLik") :  
 no applicable method for 'logLik' applied to an object of class "ar"  

2) Alternatively, I know that ar selects by default he lag order via the AIC
criterion, but it suggests 40 lags, which appears quite high to me.
Therefore, I wanted to check this result for robustness by applying BIC. But
that doesn't work due to the problem explained above. 

3) Another option was to use an ARIMA model with order = c(lags, 0, 0) and
then determine the AIC and BIC values. That does generally work, but it
calculates AICs and BICs of zero for every kind of lag. That doesn't make
sense to me.  

So that is why I think I may have a problem in classifying my daily data. I
just inserted the numeric vector for calculating the models. But how can I
classify the daily data as a time series correctly? (Because weekends and
holidays are missing.) I've tried the zoo package, but then I can't use the
ARIMA function any more.  

Can anyone offer any help to make one of the three approaches work?  
Thanks in advance! 

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