[R] how to transform string to "Camel Case"?

Gabor Grothendieck ggrothendieck at gmail.com
Mon Apr 15 17:09:39 CEST 2013

On Mon, Apr 15, 2013 at 10:56 AM, Gabor Grothendieck
<ggrothendieck at gmail.com> wrote:
> On Mon, Apr 15, 2013 at 2:50 AM, Liviu Andronic <landronimirc at gmail.com> wrote:
>> Dear all,
>> Given the following vector:
>>> (z <- c('R project', 'hello world', 'something Else'))
>> [1] "R project"      "hello world"    "something Else"
>> I know how to obtain all capitals or all lower case letters:
>>> tolower(z)
>> [1] "r project"      "hello world"    "something else"
>>> toupper(z)
>> I saw the tocamel() function in 'rapport', but it doesn't do what I
>> want to achieve as it actually proceeds to camelCase/CamelCase the
>> strings:
>>> tocamel(z)
>> [1] "RProject"      "helloWorld"    "somethingElse"
>> But how should I proceed to obtain Camel Case? Here's what I'd like to get:
>> c('R Project', 'Hello World', 'Something Else')
> Here is a one liner using gsubfn from the gsubfn package
> (http://gsubfn.googlecode.com).  gsubfn is like gsubfn except the
> second argument can be a function (or a list or a proto object).  The
> regular expression here matches a space followed by any character.
> For each such match gsubfn will call the function denoted by the
> second argument using the two parenthesized portions of the regular
> expression as the two arguments.  It supports an optional formula
> notation to express the function for compactness so ... ~ toupper(..2)
> denotes function(...) toupper(..2) which is equivalent to function(x,
> y) toupper(y) .  It replaces the input with the output of that
> function.  Finally we check if any of the components of the input are
> NA and replace those with NA in the output:
>> replace(gsubfn("( )(.)", ... ~ toupper(..2), z), is.na(z), NA)
> [1] "RProject"      "helloWorld"    "somethingElse" NA

Above "gsubfn is like gsubfn" should read "gsubfn is like gsub"

Also here is a further simplification:

> replace(gsubfn(" (.)", toupper, z), is.na(z), NA)
[1] "RProject"      "helloWorld"    "somethingElse" NA

Statistics & Software Consulting
GKX Group, GKX Associates Inc.
tel: 1-877-GKX-GROUP
email: ggrothendieck at gmail.com

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