# [R] Proportions of a vector

Sarah Goslee sarah.goslee at gmail.com
Thu Sep 22 21:48:58 CEST 2011

```If the values in xm are always going to be consecutive integers 1:n, then this:

> prob.xm[xm]
xm
1     2     3     4     5     5     5     6     6
0.111 0.111 0.111 0.111 0.333 0.333 0.333 0.222 0.222

otherwise:
> prob.xm[as.numeric(as.factor(xm))]
xm
1     2     3     4     5     5     5     6     6
0.111 0.111 0.111 0.111 0.333 0.333 0.333 0.222 0.222

(equivalent in this case).

Sarah

On Thu, Sep 22, 2011 at 3:41 PM, Jim Silverton <jim.silverton at gmail.com> wrote:
>>
>> Hi all,
>> I have a vector xm say:  xm = c(1,2,3,4,5,5,5,6,6)
>>
>> I want to return a vector with the corresponding probabilities based on the
>> amount of times the numbers occurred. For example, I should get the
>> following vector for xm:
>> prob.xm = c(1/9, 1/9, 1/9, 1/9, 3/9, 3/9, 3/9, 2/9, 2/9)
>>
>
> Using prop.table gives:
>
>
> Usage (with table)
>
>> prob.xm <- round( prop.table(table(xm)), digits=3)
>> prob.xm
> xm
>   1     2     3     4     5     6
> 0.111 0.111 0.111 0.111 0.333 0.222
>
> But I want the entire length of probabilities, not just a condensed version.
> Any help is greatl appreciated.
>
>

--
Sarah Goslee
http://www.functionaldiversity.org

```