[R] Sampling with conditions

SarahJoyes sjoyes at uoguelph.ca
Tue Nov 8 21:24:33 CET 2011

Nordlund, Dan (DSHS/RDA) wrote:
>> -----Original Message-----
>> From: r-help-bounces@ [mailto:r-help-bounces at r-
>> project.org] On Behalf Of SarahJoyes
>> Sent: Tuesday, November 08, 2011 5:57 AM
>> To: r-help@
>> Subject: Re: [R] Sampling with conditions
>> That is exactly what I want, and it's so simple!
>> Thanks so much!
> Sarah,
> I want to point out that my post was qualified by "something like".  I am
> not sure it is exactly what you want.  Since you didn't quote my post, let
> me show my suggestion and then express my concern.
> n <- matrix(0,nrow=5, ncol=10)
> repeat{
>   c1 <- sample(0:10, 4, replace=TRUE)
>   if(sum(c1) <= 10) break
> }
> n[,1] <- c(c1,10-sum(c1))
> n
> This nominally meets your criteria, but it will tend to result in larger
> digits being under-represented.  For example, you unlikely to get a result
> like c(0,8,0,0,2) or (9,0,0,1,0).
> That may be OK for your purposes, but I wanted to point it out.
> You could use "something like" 
> n <- matrix(0,nrow=5, ncol=10)
> c1 <- rep(0,4)
> for(i in 1:4){
>   upper <- 10-sum(c1)
>   c1[i] <- sample(0:upper, 1, replace=TRUE)
>   if(sum(c1) == 10) break
> }
> n[,1] <- c(c1,10-sum(c1))
> n
> if that would suit your purposes better.
> Good luck,
> Dan
> Daniel J. Nordlund
> Washington State Department of Social and Health Services
> Planning, Performance, and Accountability
> Research and Data Analysis Division
> Olympia, WA 98504-5204
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Perhaps a little bit of context may be helpful, 
I am trying to figure out the ideal age structure for a population of ten
individuals that would yield the best overall survival rate given that each
age group has different survivorbility and different reproductive rates. 
So yes, having a bias for smaller numbers would be a problem. The only other
problem that I see with your revised code is that there will be a bias
towards having higher numbers in the first age group or first row of the
The other idea I was playing with was to create a series of ifelse
statements for each row of the column...
Something like:
I still think that might be biased towards high numbers in the first rows

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