[R] Integration in R

Ravi Varadhan rvaradhan at jhmi.edu
Mon Jan 10 15:46:15 CET 2011

You are missing basic algebra skills!  

You had:

myfunc<- function(x) {0.25*(9*x^4 + 6*x^2 + 1)}

This should be:

myfunc<- function(x) {0.25*(9*x^4 - 6*x^2 + 1)}

Ravi Varadhan, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor,
Division of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology School of Medicine Johns
Hopkins University

Ph. (410) 502-2619
email: rvaradhan at jhmi.edu

-----Original Message-----
From: r-help-bounces at r-project.org [mailto:r-help-bounces at r-project.org] On
Behalf Of Alaios
Sent: Monday, January 10, 2011 9:13 AM
To: r-help at r-project.org
Subject: [R] Integration in R

Dear all,

It has been   ages since I studied integration in college. Right now I 
try to recover all this kind of knowledge and then try to understand how
 integration works. 

Thus I am doing some first 'experiments' and I would like to request your
help and comments.

I have the function:


# I found the square of p2 by using some pencil and paper.

# The result is inside myfunc below

myfunc<- function(x) {0.25*(9*x^4+6*x^2+1)}

# Below I made R to find the square of p2

p2sq<-function(x) {p2(x) * p2(x)}

# Now I am trying to integrate both two function at the same interval. #Both
functions should denote the square of p2


# returns 0.4 with absolute error < 4.4e-15


# returns 2.4 with absolute error < 2.7e-14

if there is no error in my calculations could you please explain me why 
the two integrations return different results. Might be that I am 
missing something from the theory. I would like to thank you for your 



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