[R] Question on passing the subset argument to an lm wrapper
Charles C. Berry
cberry at tajo.ucsd.edu
Mon Oct 25 18:49:37 CEST 2010
On Sun, 24 Oct 2010, Erik Iverson wrote:
> Hello,
>
> How would you go about handling the following situation?
> This is on R 2.12.0 on Ubuntu 32-bit.
>
> I have a wrapper function to lm. I want to pass in a
> subset argument. First, I just thought I'd use "...".
The subset arg needs to be unevaluated until lm() - or whatever function
- is called in your function.
The canonical advice for this kind of question about passing unevaluated
args is to study the first lines of the function lm noting what it does
with objects cl <- match.call() and mf <- match.call( expand.dots = FALSE
).
Something like this might be what you want:
testlm2 <- function(formula, ...) {
mc <- match.call()
mc[[1]] <- as.name('lm')
eval(mc)
}
testlm2(bmi ~ age, data= df1, subset = age > 50)
HTH,
Chuck
>
> ## make example reproducible
> set.seed(123)
> df1 <- data.frame(age = rnorm(100, 50, 10),
> bmi = rnorm(100, 30, sd = 2))
>
> ## create a wrapper using "..."
> testlm <- function(formula, ...) {
> lm(formula, data = df1, ...)
> }
>
>> testlm(bmi ~ age, subset = age > 50)
>
> Error in eval(expr, envir, enclos) :
> ..1 used in an incorrect context, no ... to look in
>
> I found some other examples of this error message,
> but couldn't piece together how it fits in with this
> example.
>
> Next, I tried specifying a subset argument.
>
> testlm2 <- function(formula, subset) {
> lm(formula, data = df1, subset = subset)
> }
>
>> testlm2(bmi ~ age, subset = age > 50)
>
> Error in xj[i] : invalid subscript type 'closure'
>
> I also don't understand this one.
>
> Any pointers on if I'm just missing the easy
> solution to do what I want? Any explanations
> as to the above behavior (I know it has to do
> with model.frame, but not sure how) would also
> be greatly appreciated!
>
> Thanks!
> --Erik
>
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>
Charles C. Berry (858) 534-2098
Dept of Family/Preventive Medicine
E mailto:cberry at tajo.ucsd.edu UC San Diego
http://famprevmed.ucsd.edu/faculty/cberry/ La Jolla, San Diego 92093-0901
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