# [R] Defining functions inside loops

William Dunlap wdunlap at tibco.com
Mon Nov 15 22:10:16 CET 2010

```You could make f[[i]] be function(t)t^2+i for i in 1:10
with
f <- lapply(1:10, function(i)local({ force(i) ; function(x)x^2+i}))
After that we get the correct results
> f[[7]](100:103)
[1] 10007 10208 10411 10616
but looking at the function doesn't immdiately tell you
what 'i' is in the function
> f[[7]]
function (x)
x^2 + i
<environment: 0x19d7458>
You can find it in f[[7]]'s environment
> get("i", envir=environment(f[[7]]))
[1] 7

The call to force() in the call to local() is not
necessary in this case, although it can help in
other situations.

Bill Dunlap
Spotfire, TIBCO Software
wdunlap tibco.com

> -----Original Message-----
> From: r-help-bounces at r-project.org
> [mailto:r-help-bounces at r-project.org] On Behalf Of Eduardo de
> Oliveira Horta
> Sent: Monday, November 15, 2010 12:50 PM
> To: r-help at r-project.org
> Subject: [R] Defining functions inside loops
>
> Hello,
>
> I was trying to define a set of functions inside a loop, with
> the loop index
> working as a parameter for each function. Below I post a
> simpler example, as
> to illustrate what I was intending:
>
> f<-list()
> for (i in 1:10){
>   f[[i]]<-function(t){
>     f[[i]]<-t^2+i
>   }
> }
> rm(i)
>
> With that, I was expecting that f[[1]] would be a function
> defined by t^2+1,
> f[[2]] by t^2+2 and so on. However, the index i somehow
> doesn't "get in" the
> function definition on each loop, that is, the functions
> f[[1]] through
> f[[10]] are all defined by t^2+i. Thus, if I remove the
> object i from the
> workspace, I get an error when evaluating these functions.
> Otherwise, if
> don't remove the object i, it ends the loop with value equal
> to 10 and then
> f[[1]](t)=f[[2]](t)=...=f[[10]](t)=t^2+10.
>
> I am aware that I could simply put
>
> f<-function(u,i){
>   f<-t^2+i
> }
>
> but that's really not what I want.
>
> Any help would be appreciated. Thanks in advance,
>
> Eduardo Horta
>
> 	[[alternative HTML version deleted]]
>
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