# [R] finding the plot limits generated by default

Marc Schwartz marc_schwartz at me.com
Fri May 14 18:33:51 CEST 2010

```Justin,

Try something like this:

par(mfrow = c(2, 1))

drawGffPlots2(data1, data2, trackingDye = TRUE,
slice = "chr13", newDev = 0)

plot(densities_subset\$V4, densities_subset\$V6, type = "h",
xlim = par("usr")[1:2],
xaxs = "i",
xlab = "Position", ylab = "Gene Density")

Using 'xaxs = "i"' in the second call to plot() should fix the x axis range at the exact values passed for 'xlim'.

HTH,

Marc

On May 14, 2010, at 11:09 AM, Justin Fincher wrote:

> Thank you for your reply, but I have additional questions.  I agree that getting the common ranges before plotting would be the best scenario, it is just complicated by the fact that the first plot is generated with a function where all the data is passed in and within the function the data is subset and plotted so I don't have control over the parameters of the plot.  That is why I am trying to just make the second plot (the one I have complete control over) match up.  I tried the par("usr") but am having an odd result.  Below is from my R console.
>
> > par(mfrow=c(2,1))
> > drawGffPlots2(data1,data2,trackingDye=TRUE,slice="chr13",newDev=0)
> NULL
> > par("usr")
>  14215173
> > plot(densities_subset\$V4,densities_subset\$V6,type="h",xlim=c(par("usr"),par("usr")),xlab="Position",ylab="Gene Density")
> > par("usr")
>  10062761
>
> This creates two rows, runs the function which populates the first row, then I check the parameter you suggested so that I may use it for the second plot.  I then pass it to plot(), but the axes still don't line up so I check the same parameter after the second plot has been drawn and it is very different.  Should par("usr") not be exactly the same the second time I display it as I passed it as the minimum for the second plot?  Any help would be appreciated.
>
> - Fincher
>
>
> On Fri, May 14, 2010 at 11:45, Marc Schwartz <marc_schwartz at me.com> wrote:
> On May 14, 2010, at 9:59 AM, Justin Fincher wrote:
>
> > I have two datasets that I would like to plot in a single figure.  The first
> > plot is generated by a function that then takes a subset of the data.  (It
> > is biological data so it is usually by chromosome e.g.
> > function(data1,subset="chr8") ) Since not only are the chromosomes different
> > sizes, but across different datasets there may be different numbers of
> > points for a single chromosome, I do not know the coordinates on the x-axis
> > prior to running the function.
> >
> > I want the scale of the second plot to align to that of the first, but I
> > don't know how to find the default xlim for the graph generated by the
> > function.  Is there any way to access this information so I can then pass it
> > to the plot() of the second plot?  Thanks!
> >
> > - Fincher
>
>
> The result of par("usr") will give you the actual limits of the x and y axes (plot region) once the first graphic is drawn to the device. See ?par for more information. Note that by default, R will extend the data ranges by 4% (see 'xaxs' in ?par).
>
> However, you are better off getting the common ?range of the relevant values in both subsets of data before plotting and then explicitly set the same x and y axis ranges in each plot by using the 'xlim' and 'ylim' arguments to plot().
>
> HTH,
>
> Marc Schwartz
>
>
>
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