# [R] Explanation w.r.t. rbind, please!

Gavin Simpson gavin.simpson at ucl.ac.uk
Fri Jan 29 12:33:55 CET 2010

```On Fri, 2010-01-29 at 18:56 +0800, Uwe Dippel wrote:
> This is what I tried:
>
>  > num.vec <- c(12.34,56.78,90.12,34.56)
>  > names(num.vec)<-c("first","second","third","fourth")
>  > num.vec
>  first second  third fourth
>  12.34  56.78  90.12  34.56
>  > seq<-(1:4)
>  > num.mat<-rbind(num.vec,seq)
>  > num.mat
>         first second third fourth
> num.vec 12.34  56.78 90.12  34.56
> seq      1.00   2.00  3.00   4.00
>  > num.vec [3:4]
>  third fourth
>  90.12  34.56
>
> (until here I'm fine)
>
>  > num.mat [seq]
> [1] 12.34  1.00 56.78  2.00
>  > num.mat [num.vec]
> [1] NA NA NA NA
>  > num.vec [seq]
>  first second  third fourth
>  12.34  56.78  90.12  34.56
>  > num.mat [num.vec]
> [1] NA NA NA NA
>  > num.mat [-seq]
> [1] 90.12  3.00 34.56  4.00
>
> (and here I'm lost!)
>
> How could I display a row, instead of always seemingly falling back to
> columns?

You're indexing the matrix as if it were a vector. Which is fine, except
that in R matrices are indexed by columns, hence the last result your
got - you dropped the first 4 entries which are the first two columns,
hence you got the last two columns of data.

Knowing this you could alter your seq to be seq(1, 8, by = 2):

> num.mat[seq(1, 8, by = 2)]
[1] 12.34 56.78 90.12 34.56

Thank full there is an easier way:

?`[`

has the details, look at arguments i and j.

> num.mat[1,]
first second  third fourth
12.34  56.78  90.12  34.56

or, without the (col)names

> unname(num.mat[1,])
[1] 12.34 56.78 90.12 34.56

HTH

G

>
> Uwe
>
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Dr. Gavin Simpson             [t] +44 (0)20 7679 0522
ECRC, UCL Geography,          [f] +44 (0)20 7679 0565
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```

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