# [R] optimized R-selection and R-replacement inside a matrix

Christine SINOQUET christine.sinoquet at univ-nantes.fr
Mon Feb 8 16:28:09 CET 2010

```Hello,

I need to modify some huge arrays (2000 individuals x 50 000
variables).

To format the data, I think I should benefit from optimized R-selection
and R-replacement inside a matrix and prohibite a naive use of loops.

Thank you in advance for providing information about the following problem :

file A  :
2 000 individuals in rows
50 000 columns corresponding to 50 000 variables : each value belongs to
{0, 1, 2}

file B :
50 000 variables in rows
1st column : character (A,C,G,T) corresponding to code 0
2nd colomn : character corresponding to code 1

convention:
if A[,j]=0, one wants to replace 0 with  character in  B[j,1] twice
if A[,j]=1, one wants to replace 1 with  character in  B[j,1] and
character in B[j,2]
if A[,j]=2, one wants to replace 2 with  character in  B[j,2] and
character in B[j,2]

C <- matrix(0,2000,0) # initialization to void matrix

for(j in 1:2000){

c <- A[,j]
zeros <- which(c==0);
ones <- which(c==1);
twos <- which(c==2);
rm(c)

c1 <- matrix("Z",2000)
c2 <- matrix("Z",2000)
c1[zeros] <-  B\$V1[j]; c2[zeros]  <-B\$V1[j]
c1[ones]  <-  B\$V1[j]; c2[ones]   <-B\$V2[j]
c1[twos]  <-  B\$V2[j]; c2[twos]   <-B\$V2[j]

C <- cbind(C, cbind(c1,c2))
}

I do think some more elaborated solution might exist.