# [R] Struggeling with svydesign()

ONKELINX, Thierry Thierry.ONKELINX at inbo.be
Wed Apr 7 15:29:26 CEST 2010

```Dear all,

We are analysing some survey data and we are not sure if we are using
the correct syntax for our design.

The population of interest is a set of 4416 polygons with different
sizes ranging from 0.003 to 45.6 ha, 7460 ha in total. Each polygon has
a binary attribute (presence/absence) and we want to estimate the
probability of presence in the population.

We used sampling with replacement weighted by the area of the polygon.
The population was stratified using 2 variables: block and type. Each of
the 14 blocks is a 20 by 50 km geographical region. Type is a two level
factor. Not every level is present in each block. Each block has a
Status attribute with two levels: medium (9 blocks) or good (5 blocks).
Besides the overall ratio, we would like the estimate the ratio per
Status.
The samplesize per stratum was calculated with epi.stratasize() from the
epiR package. The population size in the 21 strata ranges from 1 to
1158. The sample size ranges from 0 in the blocks with very few polygons
(<20), 1 in blocks with a low number of polygon (20 - 50) and up to 25
polygons in the largest strata.

Does the syntax below represents the data structure above? Any comments
are welcome.

library(survey)
svydesign(
id = ~ 1, #no clustering
weights = ~ Area, #weighted by the area of the polygon
strata = ~ Status + Block + Type,
nest = TRUE
)
# Is Area a correct weighting factor? Or should we use the area divided
by the sum of the total area (per stratum?)
# The code above runs. But when we omit "Status" from the strata, then
we get an error: "a stratum has only 1 PSU". Shouldn't we get the same
error with the code above?

#with finity population correction
svydesign(
id = ~ 1, #no clustering
weights = ~ Area, #weighted by the area of the polygon
strata = ~ Status + Block + Type,
fpc ~ nStatus + nBlock + nType,
nest = TRUE
)
#We are not sure what to use for nStatus, nBlock and nType. Is it the
number of levels of that stratum (nStatus = 2)? The number of levels in
the stratum below (nStatus = length(unique(Block)) per level of Status,
nType = number of polygons per Status:Block:Type)? The total number of
polygons in that stratum?

Best regards,

Thierry

------------------------------------------------------------------------
----
ir. Thierry Onkelinx
Instituut voor natuur- en bosonderzoek
team Biometrie & Kwaliteitszorg
Gaverstraat 4
9500 Geraardsbergen
Belgium

Research Institute for Nature and Forest
team Biometrics & Quality Assurance
Gaverstraat 4
9500 Geraardsbergen
Belgium

tel. + 32 54/436 185
Thierry.Onkelinx op inbo.be
www.inbo.be

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say what the experiment died of.
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~ Roger Brinner

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ensure that a reasonable answer can be extracted from a given body of
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~ John Tukey

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```

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