[R] New vector based on if/else statement within for loop?

Duncan Murdoch murdoch at stats.uwo.ca
Tue Oct 27 18:20:20 CET 2009

```On 10/27/2009 1:14 PM, Douglas M. Hultstrand wrote:
> Hello,
>
> I am trying to create a new vector (w) that is based on comparing two
> vectors (P and Z).  The compaison is simple (I  created a for loop that
> reassigns w based on if statement), all Z values >= 24 and P values <=1,
> w=88 else w=77.   I am not getting the correct results for w, see
> example code below.  Any thoughts or suggestions on the correct  method.

Use ifelse(), not if ... else.  It's ideal for tests like these.

>
> Thank you,
> Doug
>
> P <- c(0,1,2,3,4,5,0,1,5)
> Z <- c(25,23,28,29,30,31,28,29,22)
> w <- P
>
> for (i in length(w)) {

That only sets i to one value, length(w).  You could fix it by

for (i in seq_along(w))

but ifelse() is better:

w <- ifelse( Z >= 24 & P <= 1, 88, 77 )

Duncan Murdoch

>     if(Z[i]>=24 && P[i]<=1) {
>         w[i] = 88
>         } else {
>         w[i] = 77}
> }
>
> d.f <- data.frame(Z,P,w)
> d.f
>    Z P  w
> 1 25 0  0
> 2 23 1  1
> 3 28 2  2
> 4 29 3  3
> 5 30 4  4
> 6 31 5  5
> 7 28 0  0
> 8 29 1  1
> 9 22 5 77
>

```