[R] comparing the previous and next entry of a vector

Marc Schwartz marc_schwartz at comcast.net
Sun Jan 25 23:58:21 CET 2009


on 01/25/2009 04:29 PM Jörg Groß wrote:
> Hi,
> 
> I have a quit abstract problem, hope someone can help me here.
> 
> I have a vector like this:
> 
> 
> x <- c(1,2,3,4,5,2,6)
> x
> 
> [1] 1 2 3 4 5 2 6
> 
> now I want to get the number where the previous number is 1 and the next
> number is 3
> (that is the 2 at the second place)
> 
> I tried something with tail(x, -1) ...
> with that, I can check  the next number, but how can I check the
> previous number?


How about this:

InBetween <- function(x, val1, val2)
{
  unlist(sapply(2:(length(x) - 1),
         function(i) if ((x[i - 1] == val1) & (x[i + 1] == val2)) x[i]))
}


> InBetween(x, 1, 3)
[1] 2


> InBetween(x, 4, 2)
[1] 5

It will return NULL if not found.

You might want to reinforce it with some error checking as well.

HTH,

Marc Schwartz



More information about the R-help mailing list