# [R] expand.grid game

Robin Hankin rksh1 at cam.ac.uk
Mon Dec 21 08:57:32 CET 2009

```Hi

library(partitions)
jj <- blockparts(rep(9,8),17)
dim(jj)

gives 318648

HTH

rksh

baptiste auguie wrote:
> Dear list,
>
> In a little numbers game, I've hit a performance snag and I'm not sure
> how to code this in C.
>
> The game is the following: how many 8-digit numbers have the sum of
> their digits equal to 17?
> The brute-force answer could be:
>
> maxi <- 9 # digits from 0 to 9
> N <- 5 # 8 is too large
> test <- 17 # for example's sake
>
> sum(rowSums(do.call(expand.grid, c(list(1:maxi), rep(list(0:maxi),
> N-1)))) == test)
> ## 3675
>
> Now, if I make N = 8, R stalls for some time and finally gives up with:
> Error: cannot allocate vector of size 343.3 Mb
>
> I thought I could get around this using Reduce() to recursively apply
> rowSum to intermediate results, but it doesn't seem to help,
>
>
> a=list(1:maxi)
> b=rep(list(0:maxi), N-1)
>
> foo <- function(a, b, fun="sum", ...){
>   switch(fun,
>          'sum' =  rowSums(do.call(expand.grid, c(a, b))),
>          'mean' =  rowMeans(do.call(expand.grid, c(a, b))),
>          apply(do.call(expand.grid, c(a, b)), 1, fun, ...)) # generic case
> }
>
> sum(Reduce(foo, list(b), init=a) == test)
> ## 3675 # OK
>
> Same problem with N=8.
>
> Now, if N was fixed I could write a little C code to do this
> calculation term-by-term, something along those lines,
>
> test = 0;
>
> for (i1=1, i1=9, i1++) {
>  for (i2=0, i2=9, i2++) {
>
>  [... other nested loops ]
>
>   test = test + (i1 + i2 + [...] == 17);
>
>  } [...]
> }
>
> but here the number of for loops, N, should remain a variable.
>
> In despair I coded this in R as a wicked eval(parse()) construct, and
> it does produce the expected result after an awfully long time.
>
> makeNestedLoops <- function(N=3){
>
>   startLoop <- function(ii, start=1, end=9){
>     paste("for (i", ii, " in seq(",start,", ",end,")) {\n", sep="")
>   }
>
>   first <- startLoop(1)
>   inner.start <- lapply(seq(2, N), startLoop, start=0)
>   calculation <- paste("test <- test + (", paste("i", seq(1, N),
> sep="", collapse="+"), "==17 )\n")
>   end <- replicate(N, "}\n")
>   code.to.run <- do.call(paste, c(list(first), inner.start, calculation, end))
>   cat(code.to.run)
>   invisible(code.to.run)
> }
>
> test <- 0
> eval(parse(text = makeNestedLoops(8)) )
> ## 229713
>
> I hope I have missed a better way to do this in R. Otherwise, I
> believe what I'm after is some kind of C or C++ macro expansion,
> because the number of loops should not be hard coded.
>
> Thanks for any tips you may have!
>
> Best regards,
>
> baptiste
>
> ______________________________________________
> R-help at r-project.org mailing list
> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help
> and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code.
>

--
Robin K. S. Hankin
Uncertainty Analyst
University of Cambridge
19 Silver Street
Cambridge CB3 9EP
01223-764877

```