[R] Proper power computation for one-sided binomial tests.
p.dalgaard at biostat.ku.dk
Thu Sep 25 20:51:27 CEST 2008
Johannes Hüsing wrote:
> Am 23.09.2008 um 23:57 schrieb Peter Dalgaard:
>> For this kind of problem I'd go directly for the binomial
>> distribution. If the actual probability is 0, this is essentially
>> deterministic and you can look at
>> > binom.test(0,99,p=.03, alt="less")
> This means that you don't sample from the p=.03 population?
> Note that there is a 5 per cent chance to have 0 failures in 99
> trials with p=.03.
Yes, that's what I read the task as saying: Sample from p=0.00 when the
hypothesis is p=0.03. Then rejection happens with probability 1 when n
>= 99. Actually, he said that we could assume the _sample_ rate to be
0%, but that is only assured when p=0.0.
(You can continue the game by looking at the probability of getting 0
failures, depending on the true p. E.g., if p=0.001, we have
> dbinom(0, 99, 0.001)
i.e. 90% power to detect at 5% level. And further continue into a full
power analysis where you calculate the probability of a failure rate
that is significantly different from 0.03 depending on p and n.)
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